An audio recording of Ralph Ellison testifying before the US Senate about Harlem, 1966.

In 1966, Ralph Ellison testified on the topic of social conditions in Harlem in front of the Senate Committee on Government Operations’ subcommittee on executive reorganization. The committee was chaired by Senator Abraham Ribicoff, former governor of Connecticut. Ellison discusses coming to New York City during the Great Depression and learning to navigate where African Americans were and were not welcome. He also describes the difference between race relations in the rural South and race relations in the urban North.