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A 1921 collage of newspaper clippings about Marcus Garvey and African American activism.

This 1921 collage of newspaper clippings by the Henry Romeike clipping service includes a variety of articles discussing Marcus Garvey and his ideas about African American social development. Garvey founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association and advocated for Pan-Africanism and the back-to-Africa movement for American blacks. Born in Jamaica in 1887, Garvey came to the United States in 1916 after being influenced by Booker T. Washington’s ideas for African American improvement through manual training. He was a popular speaker in New York City and around the country. He clashed with other African American leaders like W. E. B. Du Bois, who believed in the necessity of fighting for social equality in the United States.