A 1904 photograph of Booker T. Washington.

This photograph shows Booker T. Washington in his office at the Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute in Tuskegee, Alabama. Under Washington’s leadership, the school focused on industrial and agricultural training for African Americans. Washington delivered his famous "Atlanta Compromise" speech in 1895 at the Cotton States Exposition. The speech outlined his "accommodationist" approach to southern race relations, seeking to find common ground between those who didn’t believe in equality between the races but still supported some forms of African American improvement and reformers who sought full equality for African Americans in American life.