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A 1994 painting by Fritz Hirschberger, entitled Indifference, depicting a Jewish woman and three children at a camp.

As part of the painting, the following quotation is visible: “Fear not your enemies, for they can only kill you. Fear not your friends, for they can only betray you. Fear only the indifferent, who permit killers and betrayers to walk safely on earth.” It is attributed to Edward Yashinski, a Yiddish poet who survived the Holocaust only to die in a Communist prison in Poland. Fritz Hirschberger was born in Dresden, Germany in 1912 to a Christian mother and Jewish father. He and his family were expelled to Poland in 1938. He joined the Polish Army but fled to Russia when Poland fell under the German invasion. Wearing a Polish Army uniform in Russia was cause enough for arrest, and Hirschberger was sent to a labor camp in Siberia. Upon his release, he learned of the death of his entire family in German concentration camps. He draws from these experiences in approximately 40 paintings.