A map of military action, graves, and local landmarks during the Battle of Gettysburg, 1863.

This Battle of Gettysburg map indicates major sites of conflict, hills and other topographic features indicated by line shading or “hachure,” vegetation, houses, and the names of residents. The legend for the map indicates symbols for Union graves, Confederate “Rebel” graves, dead horses, breast works (or temporary fortifications which soldiers could stand behind breast-high), artillery, and rifle pits. The map was published by S. G. Elliott & Co. in 1864.