An excerpt from Gardiner Greene Hubbard’s 1867 book The Education of Deaf Mutes: Shall It be by Signs or Articulation?

An advocate for oral speech education for deaf people, Gardiner Greene Hubbard in this book explores varying strategies in education of deaf students and criticizes the adoption of sign language and well as the boarding-school lifestyle of The Connecticut Asylum. He presents a strong case for providing alternatives to institutionalization.