An excerpt from a book discussing Francisco Franco, the fascist leader of Spain from 1939 until his death in 1975.

In this excerpt from Rulers of the World, published in 1940, Maurice Crain describes the methods that Francisco Franco used to obtain and consolidate power in Spain. Employing totalitarian tactics such as propaganda, youth programs, the suppression of opposing parties, and the interdiction of particular religions, Franco constructed his own version of fascism.