A photograph of Italian and German youth marching together.

This photograph was used as propaganda to promote the opportunities provided by fascist youth programs. From the age of ten, boys in Germany would join “Deutsches Jungvolk” (German Young People). When they were thirteen, boys shifted to the “Hitler Jugend” (Hitler Youth). The Hitler Youth participated primarily in “Wehrsport,” which included marching, bayonet drill, grenade throwing, trench digging, and map reading. Girls, on the other hand, joined the “Jungmadelbund” (League of Young Girls) at age ten and were moved to the “Bund Deutscher Madel” (League of German Girls) when they became teenagers. They competed in running, throwing, marching, and swimming as well as other more domestic chores such as sewing and making beds.