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A photograph of Hitler Youth (“boy Nazis”) marching in 1932.

In this image, entitled "Hitler Takes Another Leaf from Mussolini Book: Boy Nazis," we see Hitler Youth marching. One key feature of fascism is indoctrination of the young through propaganda and social organizations. Mussolini, for example, ensured that the children of Italy would from a young age join various fascist youth organizations such as the Opera Nazionale Balilla (ONB) and Gioventù Italiana del Littorio (GIL). Students would pledge allegiance to him, the fascist party, and the nation of Italy while also participating in athletics and military-style drills. This strategy was replicated by Adolf Hitler in Nazi Germany through Hitler Youth programs.