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A drawing of a fasces by Giuseppe Barberi (1746–1809) of Italy.

The fasces is a symbol developed by the Etruscans, revived during the Italian Renaissance, and used in the late nineteenth century by Italian nationalists. A bundle of logs or sticks attached to an ax, the fasces was taken to represent the nationalist “togetherness” that fascist politics seeks to enforce. The symbol has also been used throughout American history, especially during the American Civil War, and can be found on several American monuments, including the Lincoln Memorial.