An ca. 1791 illustration of the reception of Jean-François de Laperouse at Mission Carmel in present-day Carmel, California in 1786.

Jean-François de Laperouse was a French explorer who arrived in Monterey Bay on September 14, 1786, the first non-Spanish visitor in California after the Spanish missions were established. While visiting Spanish settlements, he observed firsthand the treatment of Native American populations there and compared one mission to a “slave colony.”