A political cartoon by Thomas Nast titled “The Union as it Was,” published in Harper’s Weekly October 24, 1874.

The Ku Klux Klan was established in 1866 and was dedicated to maintaining white supremacy, often employing terrorist tactics and violence, including lynching African Americans and others who supported racial equality. Thomas Nast was a cartoonist for Harper’s Weekly Illustrated Newspaper, which was published in New York City.