William J. Simmons
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Image of William J. Simmons, seated during a 1921 investigation of the Ku Klux Klan by a U.S. House of Representatives committee. He faces front, and several men sit in the background. Simmons was inspired to reestablish the Klan in 1915 after seeing D. W. Griffith's film, The Birth of a Nation, and learning about the Leo Frank trial in Atlanta, Georgia. Simmons designed the hooded uniforms and secret rituals associated with the organization.
Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-USZ62-104018
- Digital Library of Georgia
- Contributing Institution
- New Georgia Encyclopedia (Project)
- Ku Klux Klan (1915-)
Governmental investigations--United States
White supremacy movements--United States
Simmons, W. J. (William Joseph), 1888-1945
- Washington City, D.C.
- Courtesy of the Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, Washington, DC
- Chicago citation style
- William J. Simmons. 1921. Retrieved from the Digital Public Library of America, http://georgiaencyclopedia.org/file/11676. (Accessed January 17, 2019.)
- APA citation style
- (1921) William J. Simmons. Retrieved from the Digital Public Library of America, http://georgiaencyclopedia.org/file/11676
- MLA citation style
- Retrieved from the Digital Public Library of America <http://georgiaencyclopedia.org/file/11676>.