• Creator
  • Buck, H. C. (Harry Crowe)
  • Created Date
  • 1921-1922
  • Description
  • “Physical Education in India,” written by Harry C. Buck, argues that scientific physical education is essential to any system of education in all nations. Despite this broad opening, the document focuses on the need for physical education in India and the YMCA’s international programming. He claims that it was not until 1908, when the International Committee of the YMCA sent Dr. Grey to Calcutta as a physical director, that physical training i... more
    “Physical Education in India,” written by Harry C. Buck, argues that scientific physical education is essential to any system of education in all nations. Despite this broad opening, the document focuses on the need for physical education in India and the YMCA’s international programming. He claims that it was not until 1908, when the International Committee of the YMCA sent Dr. Grey to Calcutta as a physical director, that physical training in India began. Buck describes the first years of YMCA work in India as demonstrating how physical education builds body and character. He then lists the physical directors at work in India by December 1916, as well as their assigned locales. Buck then goes one to describe the work performed by directors and secretaries, such as organizing inter-school athletic associations and games. He writes that the “outstanding problem of the Physical Department” is training Indian, Burmese and Ceylonese physical directors. The last pages are dedicated to the history and purpose of the Physical Training School in India, which opened August 1, 1920. Harry Crowe Buck (1884-1943) was born in Liverpool and graduated from Springfield College in 1910 with a B.S. in Physical Education. In 1919, while teaching and coaching basketball at Galesburg High School in Illinois, he was invited by the International Committee of the YMCA to serve as the Physical Director of the Central YMCA in Madras, India. The Buck family traveled to Chennai (Madras) that year. The dingy, small gym of the Central YMCA and an open space exactly the dimensions of a basketball court were the only facilities, but Buck turned the space into the YMCA College of Physical Education. With a donation from the Indian Government, the YMCA expanded onto a 65-acre site in Saidapet. Buck continued to guide the college until his death in 1943. For a reply from Springfield College about Buck's report, see - http://cdm16122.contentdm.oclc.org/cdm/ref/collection/p15370coll2/id/5613. Fragile; edges are worn. less
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