• Creator
  • Hirabayashi, Gordon K.
  • Created Date
  • 1942
  • Description
  • Gordon Hirabayashi refused to comply with the curfew imposed on Japanese Americans in the wake of the attack on Pearl Harbor, and later refused to report for relocation to the internment camps on the grounds that the directives were based solely on race and therefore were unconstitutional. After the last Japanese were forcibly removed from Seattle, he turned himself in to the FBI with the intention of creating a test case of the government's r... more
    Gordon Hirabayashi refused to comply with the curfew imposed on Japanese Americans in the wake of the attack on Pearl Harbor, and later refused to report for relocation to the internment camps on the grounds that the directives were based solely on race and therefore were unconstitutional. After the last Japanese were forcibly removed from Seattle, he turned himself in to the FBI with the intention of creating a test case of the government's right to incarcerate Japanese Americans without due process of law. Hirabayashi was indicted on May 28, 1942 for violating Public Law No. 505, which made violating Civilian Exclusion Order No. 57 and curfew a federal crime. He was arraigned on June 1, 1942, at which time he entered a plea of "not guilty" on the basis that both the exclusion law and curfew were racially prejudiced and unconstitutional. Hirabayashi spent nine months in the King County jail awaiting trial and then lost his case. His team of lawyers appealed his case to the Supreme... less
  • Format
  • Text
    Manuscript
    Scanned from original text at 200 dpi saved in JPEG format, resized and enhanced using Adobe Photoshop, and imported as JPEG2000 using Contentdm software's JPEG2000 Extension. 2014