• Creator
  • Gaylord, Leonard B
  • Created Date
  • 8-19-02
  • Description
  • A flat board automobile with an air-cooled engine in the rear, a tiller for steering, curved wooden cycle fenders, and four wooden wheels with wire spokes. The 1904 Orient Motor Buckboard, costing a mere $337, was the most inexpensive automobile in the world until the advent of the Ford Model T, which could be purchased for $290 in 1924. The Orient Buckboard weighed just 400 pounds, had a four-horsepower engine, and could reach a speed of thir... more
    A flat board automobile with an air-cooled engine in the rear, a tiller for steering, curved wooden cycle fenders, and four wooden wheels with wire spokes. The 1904 Orient Motor Buckboard, costing a mere $337, was the most inexpensive automobile in the world until the advent of the Ford Model T, which could be purchased for $290 in 1924. The Orient Buckboard weighed just 400 pounds, had a four-horsepower engine, and could reach a speed of thirty miles per hour. The car was advertised as being “Fast, Practical and Safe,” and that it “Rides like a Parlor Car.”1 The Orient Buckboard had no suspension, relying exclusively on its wooden floor to absorb the shocks of unpaved roads. The floor was made of ash or other springy wood about an inch thick and attached to the axles. The spring action of the board substituted for steel springs. Buckboards were originally used in wagons and stagecoaches. The Orient Buckboard, patented in March 1903, was built during the transition from buckboard carriages to automobiles. It was designed by Leonard B. Gaylord and built by the Waltham Manufacturing Co. There were approximately eighteen hundred Orient Buckboards manufactured. Waltham was one of eighteen companies licensed to build automobiles under the Selden patent. George Baldwin Selden of Rochester, New York, filed an application on May 18, 1879 for his pioneering patent that covered the use of the gasoline engine as the propelling element of a road vehicle. His patent was issued on November 5, 1895. The Orient Motor Buckboard in the Collection of the Museum of Science and Industry was exhibited at the St. Louis Exhibition of 1904. How we learn about communities. 16 History; 10-12 Science; 13 Science, Technology and Society. less
  • Format
  • ORIENTBU.jpg