• Creator
  • Unknown
  • Created Date
  • 11-12-02
  • Description
  • A black and white photograph of Pauline Cushman wearing what appears to be a Union frock coat. Dimensions: 4"x6.5". Major Pauline Cushman (1835-1893) was a Union spy and scout in the Civil War. She was born in New Orleans in 1835 and became an actress at eighteen in New York City. Although born in the South, Cushman pledged loyalty to the North and used her acting skills to spy on the activities of Confederate troops. One newspaper account sta... more
    A black and white photograph of Pauline Cushman wearing what appears to be a Union frock coat. Dimensions: 4"x6.5". Major Pauline Cushman (1835-1893) was a Union spy and scout in the Civil War. She was born in New Orleans in 1835 and became an actress at eighteen in New York City. Although born in the South, Cushman pledged loyalty to the North and used her acting skills to spy on the activities of Confederate troops. One newspaper account states that "she began collecting valuable information concerning men, measures and the movements of troops." General Garfield recognized her contribution to the Union effort by bestowing on her the rank and salary of Major. In 1863, Cushman was banished to Confederate lines as a supposed Southern sympathizer, when in reality, she had already performed valuable services for Union intelligence in Louisville and Nashville. Captured with compromising papers upon her, Pauline Cushman was taken to General Braxton Bragg, court-martialed and sentenced to be hanged. However, in the hasty departure (June 1863) of the Confederates from Shelbyville, Tennessee, she was left behind and was thus able, for the last time, to help the Union cause with information about Confederate strength and plans. Dressed in a Federal uniform, she lectured afterwards about her experiences. Source: Chicago Public Library. “From Fireside to Field: Women and the Civil War” [exhibit]. July 19, 1997-March 14, 1998. Antebellum Society and the Civil War; Women at Wartime. 16 History. less
  • Format
  • 72.429_pauline_cushman.jpg