• Creator
  • Douglas, James 1803-1877
  • Created Date
  • 1859
  • Description
  • On June 16, 1846, Britain gave up its claim on Oregon Country and other land under the 49th parallel in the Treaty of Oregon. However, the treaty did not specify which country owned the San Juan Islands, leading to conflict between Americans and British subjects from the Hudson's Bay Company who resided on these islands. The treaty also left confusion over the rights of British pre-treaty land ownership now in American territory. Incidents occ... more
    On June 16, 1846, Britain gave up its claim on Oregon Country and other land under the 49th parallel in the Treaty of Oregon. However, the treaty did not specify which country owned the San Juan Islands, leading to conflict between Americans and British subjects from the Hudson's Bay Company who resided on these islands. The treaty also left confusion over the rights of British pre-treaty land ownership now in American territory. Incidents occurred when American jurisdiction over British citizens came into question. Strife finally came to a climax in 1859 in the so-called "Pig War" that began when an American citizen killed a Hudson's Bay Company pig. Both governments set up military encampments on the island, but war was fortunately averted. From 1859 to 1872, the U.S. and British governments maintained military forces on opposite ends of San Juan Island until finally Germany's Kaiser, Wilhelm I, acting as a neutral party, determined the current boundary that sets American control... less
  • Format
  • text
    Manuscript
    Memorandum
    Scanned from original text or image at 400 dpi saved in TIFF format, resized and enhanced using Adobe Photoshop, and imported as JPEG2000 using Contentdm software's JPEG2000 Extension. 2007