Analytical investigation of cycle characteristics for advanced turboelectric space power systems /
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Prepared at the Lewis Research Center, Cleveland, Ohio.
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An investigation was made of the relative influence of turbine inlet temperature, radiator temperature, and turbine efficiency on radiator area for Rankine cycles with rubidium, potassium, and sodium as working fluids. It was determined that, whereas turbine inlet temperature and turbine efficiency have gross effects on radiator size for a given inlet temperature a considerable latitude in the selection of radiator temperature may be accepted with only minor effects on required radiator size. Also investigated was the influence on turbine efficiency and design of the factors that distinguish alkali-metal vapor turbines from conventional gas turbines. The turbine configuration was determined to be a function of the involved working fluids and rotor blade speed. For a given blade speed, the number of stages required for high turbine efficiency was found to vary directly with turbine specific work output, and therefore to vary in the ratio 5 to 2.5 to 1 for sodium, potassium, and rubidium, respectively. Lower blade speeds than employed in conventional gas turbines may be required to satisfy critical stress considerations resulting from the elevated temperatures involved and the criterion of long-duration reliability. This will increase the number of turbine stages necessary to obtain high turbine efficiency and consequently increase turbine weight. The question of moisture formation was discussed and a calculation was made to indicate the nature of the aerodynamic losses due to moisture content. Various means of reducing moisture content were considered, including mechanical removal, increased radiator temperature, inefficient expansion, superheat, and reheat. Sample calculations were made in most cases to indicate their comparative effectiveness and resultant penalty in required radiator area.
- Moffitt, Thomas P
- Contributing Institution
- University of Illinois
- Washington, D.C. : National Aeronautics and Space Administration : [For sale by the Office of Technical Services, Dept. of Commerce
- Space vehicles--Propulsion
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- Chicago citation style
- Moffitt, Thomas P. Analytical investigation of cycle characteristics for advanced turboelectric space power systems /. . Retrieved from the Digital Public Library of America, http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/011444264. (Accessed October 20, 2019.)
- APA citation style
- Moffitt, Thomas P, () Analytical investigation of cycle characteristics for advanced turboelectric space power systems /. Retrieved from the Digital Public Library of America, http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/011444264
- MLA citation style
- Moffitt, Thomas P. Retrieved from the Digital Public Library of America <http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/011444264>.