V23272--Evolution of the Sickle and Flail--33--Horse harvester at Walla Walla, Washington
View Full Image
Black and white stereograph slide of a horse harvester in Walla Walla, Washington. Text on the back of the slide reads as follows: "33-HORSE HARVESTER AT WALLA WALLA, WASH. There has been a marked development in the method of harvesting, especially in the last century. In olden times the single handed sickle was the only implement used for cutting grain. The operator would catch the cut stalks in his free arm and carry them unitl he had enough to bind into a sheaf. This sickle was supplanted by the double-handed scythe, and later by the cradle. The method of separating the grain was originally as crude as the method of cutting. The old-time flail was used. It consisted of a wooden bar or handle to which another bar, called the swingle, was attached. With this the grain was beaten out. Sometimes the sheaves were spread out on the floor, and farm animals drew heavy planks studded with flints across them until the grain was separated. The straw was then removed by forks and the chaff blown away. But these primitive implements have gradually given place to more sanitary and modern ones, as the mower, the self- binder, the heading machine and the threshing machine. A "combined harvester," like the one shown in the picture, includes in one machine a header, thresher, separator, fanning mill, and sacker. It will cut from 60 to 125 acres and thresh from 1700 to 3000 bushels a day. The use of the tractor in operating farm machinery is fast taking the place of horse power. The gasoline engine, which furnishes the power, will work day and night if a rain threatens to spoil the grain. It never suffers from heat, and we are only commencing to find out how much machinery it can handle at a single operation. American Communities in History; How we learn about communities 16 History; 18 Social systems
|University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign|
|University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University Library|
For any further information related to this record, please contact the Collection Publisher. See http://images.library.uiuc.edu/projects/tdcfor more information about this project.