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1. Homemade corn planter, painted blue. No distinguishing marks. Has handle, seed hopper and hand-lever. 2. Wooden planter. Long square body, flat on one side and tapers to a blunt point on the front. Tin panel on the nose. Single handle with a turned grip which raises and lowers to release seed through the nose. Wakefield Patent, Patent Date July 25, 1854. Pictured are two corn planters. The one on the left is homemade and is from around 1850. The one on the right was made in a factory and has a patent date of 1854. This type of corn planter was operated by hand. When pressed into the soil, four to seven kernels would drop out. When these planters were used, corn was planted in hills rather than in rows. The hills were spaced about five feet apart so that the farmer could plow around them and keep the weeds from chocking out the corn. Farmers planted more than one seed because they knew that not all the seeds would sprout. An old corn-planting rhyme is "One for the blackbird, and one for the crow, one for the cutworm, and two left to grow". American Communities in History; Communities and Geography 16 History; 15 Economics
|Early American Museum|
|University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign|
|University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University Library|
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