An exploratory statistical analysis of a planet approach-phase guidance schema using angular measurements with significant error /
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Prepared at the Lewis Research Center, Cleveland, Ohio.
Includes bibliographical references.
An exploratory analysis of vehicle guidance during the approach to a target planet is presented. The objective of the guidance maneuver is to guide the vehicle to a specific perigee distance with a high degree of accuracy and minimum corrective velocity expenditure. The guidance maneuver is simulated by considering the random sampling of real measurements with significant error and reducing this information to prescribe appropriate corrective action. The instrumentation system assumed includes optical and/or infrared devices to indicate range and a reference angle in the trajectory plane. Statistical results are obtained by Monte-Carlo techniques and are shown as the expectation of guidance accuracy and velocity-increment requirements. Results are nondimensional and applicable to any planet within limits of two-body assumptions. The problem of determining how many corrections to make and when to make them is a consequence of the conflicting requirement of accurate trajectory determination and propulsion. Optimum values were found for a vehicle approaching a planet along a parabolic trajectory with an initial perigee distance of 5 radii and a target perigee of 1.02 radii. In this example measurement errors were less than i minute of arc. Results indicate that four corrections applied in the vicinity of 50, 16, 15, and 1.5 radii, respectively, yield minimum velocity-increment requirements. Thrust devices capable of producing a large variation of velocity-increment size are required. For a vehicle approaching the earth, miss distances within 32 miles are obtained with 90-percent probability. Total velocity increments used in guidance are less than 3300 feet per second with 90-percent probability. It is noted that the above representative results are valid only for the particular guidance scheme hypothesized in this analysis. A parametric study is presented which indicates the effects of measurement error size, initial perigee, and initial energy on the guidance requirements. Measurement error size significantly affects both guidance accuracy and velocity-increment expenditure. The initial trajectory, as given by its perigee and energy, affects the velocity-increment expenditure but not final guidance accuracy.
- Friedlander, Alan L
- Contributing Institution
- University of Illinois
- Washington, D.C. : National Aeronautics and Space Administration : [For sale by the Office of Technical Services, Dept. of Commerce
- Electronic resourceLanguage material
- Public domain. Learn more at http://www.hathitrust.org/access_use
- Chicago citation style
- Friedlander, Alan L. An exploratory statistical analysis of a planet approach-phase guidance schema using angular measurements with significant error /. . Retrieved from the Digital Public Library of America, http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/011444262. (Accessed November 13, 2018.)
- APA citation style
- Friedlander, Alan L, () An exploratory statistical analysis of a planet approach-phase guidance schema using angular measurements with significant error /. Retrieved from the Digital Public Library of America, http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/011444262
- MLA citation style
- Friedlander, Alan L. Retrieved from the Digital Public Library of America <http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/011444262>.