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A globe-shaped manufactured glass lamp stamped with the words "London lamp". A tin reflector sits behind a single wick holder which is fitted into a tin screw top lid for the glass portion of the lamp. This lamp may have been for use with whale oil, or could have been used with camphene, vegetable oil or other lamp fuels. Whale oil was highly prized from 1750 to 1850 as the best lamp oil fuel. It burned at a very steady rate, very brightly and with little smoke. Oil from the skull cavity of the spermaceti whale was the finest quality and was a major reason the whaling industry was so profitable. The Civil War made whaling difficult and made whale oil cost-prohibitive. Thousands of patents for newer, better lamps were common at the time, including the "London" lamp. The size of this lamp made it most certainly a chamber, or bedroom lamp. American Communities in History; Communities and Geography; How we learn about communities; Whaling Slide Show; Inventions Multimedia Time Line; School Museum; Introduction of artifacts as a primary source; What's That Relic?; Settling in the Midwest 16 History; 18 Social Systems; 13 Science, Technology and Society
|University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign|
|University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University Library|
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