• Creator
  • Burkholder
  • Created Date
  • 1887-01-08
  • Publisher
  • Springfield College
  • Description
  • This photograph shows the members of the Dakota YMCA in Fort Pierre, Dakota Territory, now South Dakota. Three men are seated and five stand in the back. Each has a star pinned on their jackets. In 1862, the Dakota People, tired of semi-starvation and poverty, took part in an ill-fated war meant to push white settlers out of their lands in Minnesota. At the end of the brief war, 160 Dakota warriors were captured and sentenced to hang. In 1864,... more
    This photograph shows the members of the Dakota YMCA in Fort Pierre, Dakota Territory, now South Dakota. Three men are seated and five stand in the back. Each has a star pinned on their jackets. In 1862, the Dakota People, tired of semi-starvation and poverty, took part in an ill-fated war meant to push white settlers out of their lands in Minnesota. At the end of the brief war, 160 Dakota warriors were captured and sentenced to hang. In 1864, President Abraham Lincoln commuted the sentences of 120 of the younger men. However, 40 other warriors were hung from a single scaffold in Mankato, Minnesota, making it the largest mass execution in U.S. history. These younger Indian men languished in a military prison. Volunteers from the Young Men's Christian Association visited them, bringing clothing, bedding, English language lessons and Christianity. The Dakota men were so impressed with the compassion of these YMCA volunteers, that upon their release in 1879, some of them, including Chief Little Crow's son, Thomas Wakeman (believed to be the man sitting at the center of the photograph), started a Young Man's Association. In 1885 they were recognized by the national YMCA movement and changed their name to Sioux Young Men's Christian Association. Their goal then, as it still is today, was to teach and encourage the values of Wawokiye, Woksape, Ohitika, and Wa o'hola or Generosity, Wisdom, Bravery, and Respect. (Sioux YMCAs website). A penned caption in the back reads “Dakota YMCA 1887”. Another stamped caption reads “Burkholder. Photographer, Fairbank, Dak.”. A penciled caption underneath reads “January 8, 1887”. less
  • Format
  • Photographs
  • Rights
  • Text and images are owned, held, or licensed by Springfield College and are available for personal, non-commercial, and educational use, provided that ownership is properly cited. A credit line is required and should read: Courtesy of Springfield College, Babson Library, Archives and Special Collections. Any commercial use without written permission from Springfield College is strictly prohibited. Other individuals or entities other than, and in addition to, Springfield College may also own copyrights and other propriety rights. The publishing, exhibiting, or broadcasting party assumes all responsibility for clearing reproduction rights and for any infringement of United States copyright law. Contact host institution for more information.