ERA Charm Bracelet (III)
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This is the third of four bracelets displaying charms for the states that voted to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA).
The 19th amendment giving women the right to vote was ratified on August 18, 1920. Women had won the vote but not full equality, so Alice Paul and the National Woman’s Party took up the fight for equal rights. Believing that the more she understood about law the more useful she would be, Paul went back to school and earned three law degrees. In 1923 she drafted the text of the Equal Rights Amendment and worked for women’s equality in national and international forums for the rest of her career. In 1972 when Congress passed the Equal Rights Amendment designed to guarantee protection against sexual discrimination for women under the law and sent it to the states for ratification, Paul began a set of charm bracelets. She added a charm engraved with the date that each state ratified the amendment. She had started her fourth bracelet when she suffered a stroke in 1974. An Ohio state charm dated 2/7/74 was the last one that she added. Alice Paul died on July 9, 1977, at the age of 92. She would never know that the amendment for which she had fought so long and hard would not be ratified.
This bracelet has charms representing states that had ratified the amendment after its passing. There are charms for Texas, Colorado, West Virginia, Wisconsin, New York, Michigan, Maryland, Massachusetts, Kentucky, and Pennsylvania.
The ERA failed to meet the requisite number of state ratifications (38) by Congress’ deadline of June 30, 1982 and so was not adopted as a Constitutional amendment. It has since been reintroduced several times.
Currently not on view
- Smithsonian Institution
- Contributing Institution
- National Museum of American History
- Paul, Alice
National Woman's Party
Equal rights amendments
Equal Rights Amendment
Government, Politics, and Reform
- Alice Paul Centennial Foundation, Inc.
- Chicago citation style
- ERA Charm Bracelet (III). Retrieved from the Digital Public Library of America, http://collections.si.edu/search/results.htm?q=record_ID%3Anmah_1066422&repo=DPLA. (Accessed November 21, 2018.)
- APA citation style
- ERA Charm Bracelet (III). Retrieved from the Digital Public Library of America, http://collections.si.edu/search/results.htm?q=record_ID%3Anmah_1066422&repo=DPLA
- MLA citation style
- Retrieved from the Digital Public Library of America <http://collections.si.edu/search/results.htm?q=record_ID%3Anmah_1066422&repo=DPLA>.