World War II ration memorabilia collection, 1942-1947.
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The Office of Price Administration and Civilian Supply was established by Presidential Executive Order 8734 on April 11, 1941, in an effort to control inflation. The civilian supply function of the agency was transferred to the Office of Production Management in August of 1941 and the name was shortened to the Office of Price Administration (OPA). The Emergency Price Control Act (January 30, 1942) established the purposes of the agency as follows: to stabilize prices and rents and prevent unwarranted increases in them; to prevent profiteering, hoarding and speculation; to assure that defense appropriations were not dissipated by excessive prices; to protect those with fixed incomes from undue impairment of their living standards; to assist in securing adequate production; and to prevent a post-emergency collapse of values." The OPA fixed price ceilings on all commodities except farm products and controlled rents in defense areas. The first rationing program, for automobile tires, was initiated December 27, 1941. There were two types of rationing programs. The first was a certificate program, where an applicant had to meet eligibility standards and show need to a local ration board before receiving a certificate permitting purchase of the rationed item. This type of program was applied to ties, automobiles, typewriters, bicycles, rubber footwear and stoves. The second program was a coupon or stamp type for which all civilians were eligible. These programs were administered through local banks and covered foods, fuel oil, gasoline and shoes. Rationing continued throughout World War II and by the end of November 1945 only the sugar and rubber tire rationing programs remained. Tire rationing ceased on December 31, 1945. Sugar rationing continued until June 11, 1947. The Office of Price Administration was dissolved April 1, 1947.
- Ohio Digital Network
- Contributing Institution
- State Library of Ohio
- United States. Office of Price Administration
World War, 1939-1945--Economic aspects--United States
PR 32.4202:R 18/7
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- World War II ration memorabilia collection, 1942-1947.. 1940s. Retrieved from the Digital Public Library of America, http://www.ohiomemory.org/cdm/ref/collection/p16007coll21/id/54. (Accessed January 29, 2020.)
- APA citation style
- (1940s) World War II ration memorabilia collection, 1942-1947.. Retrieved from the Digital Public Library of America, http://www.ohiomemory.org/cdm/ref/collection/p16007coll21/id/54
- MLA citation style
- Retrieved from the Digital Public Library of America <http://www.ohiomemory.org/cdm/ref/collection/p16007coll21/id/54>.