View Full Image
A wooden base holds a pressed glass reservoir which has a square peg at the base to hold it into the wood. The glass is square with rounded shoulders and leads to a narrow mouth which has a threaded tin wick fixture. The wicks channels are splayed as is typical of a camphene lamp and there are wick covers attached by chains. Camphene, a combination mineral spirits and alcohol was used as a lamp fuel for a short time in the middle of the 19th century. Because whale oil was so expensive camphene was used as a replacement. Camphene was extremely volatile. If the flame from one wick heated the other wick the heat could travel back into the reservoir and explode. Thus, camphene lamps have either single wicks, or double wicks pointed away from one another. The form is that of an earlier whaling oil lamp and thus could have been converted with the replacement of the tin top. The wick covers prevented evaporation. American Communities in History; Communities and Geography; How we learn about communities; Whaling Slide Show; Inventions Multimedia Time Line; School Museum; Introduction of artifacts as a primary source; What's That Relic?; Settling in the Midwest 16 History; 18 Social Systems; 13 Science, Technology and Society
|University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign|
|University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University Library|
For any further information related to this record, please contact the Collection Publisher. See http://images.library.uiuc.edu/projects/tdcfor more information about this project.