Testimony of Enrique Casañas, Interview with Omar Pimienta and Marcella Navarro; July 8, 2009
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The digital Archive of the Spanish Civil War and the Francoist Dictatorship is an initiative of UCSD in collaboration with several Spanish civic associations, such as the ARMH (Asociación para la Recuperación de la Memoria Histórica), the Asociación de Ex-presos y Represaliados Políticos, the Federación Estatal de Foros por la Memoria and others. With the assistance of these human rights organizations, since the summer of 2007 several teams of graduate students have been recording audiovisual testimonies of militants, witnesses, and victims of the Spanish Civil War and the Francoist repression
Enrique Casañas was born in 1919 in Barcelona. Enrique describes his family's leftist, Libertarian, and Republican political affiliation. He narrates that when the Civil War began, he was seventeen years old and was part of the Confederación Nacional del Trabajo (National Labor Confederation), the Libertarian Movement, and the Federación Ibérica de Juventudes Libertarias (Iberian Federation of Libertarian Youth). Enrique relates forming part of the Aragón Front, the Belchite Front, and the 25 Division. He speaks about Antonio Ortiz Ramírez and Joaquín Ascaso Budría. Enrique indicates that his brother fought in the war and was detained for six months in León. He tells of boarding a ship to defend Catalonia with three thousand volunteers. Enrique explains that Barcelona fell two days later, so they had to disembark in Palamós and retreat to France. He recounts being placed in concentration camps in Argèles-sur-Mer and Le Bacarès. Enrique remembers leaving the camps in work companies comprised of two hundred and fifty men, and specifies the type of work he carried out. He details going to Marseille, where the Mexican Consulate gave the Spanish refugees Mexican identification documents. Enrique recalls returning to Barcelona in 1944. He discusses seeking exile in Brazil in 1951 and living there for twenty-three years. Enrique notes returning to Spain shortly before Franco's death, and comments on the Transition and the current political situation
Special Collections & Archives, UC San Diego, La Jolla, 92093-0175 (http://libraries.ucsd.edu/collections/sca/)
Casañas, Enrique. Testimony of the Spanish Civil War and the Francoist Dictatorship. University of California, San Diego, 2009
Barcelona, Spain :, Spanish Civil War Memory Project, 2009
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- Testimony of Enrique Casañas, Interview with Omar Pimienta and Marcella Navarro; July 8, 2009. Retrieved from the Digital Public Library of America, https://library.ucsd.edu/dc/object/bb88066425. (Accessed July 17, 2019.)
- APA citation style
- Testimony of Enrique Casañas, Interview with Omar Pimienta and Marcella Navarro; July 8, 2009. Retrieved from the Digital Public Library of America, https://library.ucsd.edu/dc/object/bb88066425
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- Retrieved from the Digital Public Library of America <https://library.ucsd.edu/dc/object/bb88066425>.