With the onset of industrialization and the machinery that came with it, Massachusetts' cities grew exponentially in urban development and population. One prevalent example is Haverhill, Massachusetts, and the striking expansion that resulted from its industrialization in the 1850s.
Haverhill had few settlements along its sinuous river in the 1830s. By the mid 1870s, broad avenues and streets began forming an urban grid that expanded throughout the town. Its growth continued through the turn of the twentieth century; the town, with its burgeoning industrial center, became known as “Queen Slipper City,” and produced a tenth of the nation’s shoes by the end of 1913 (an industry that dominates the advertisements on the quickly-changing maps of Haverhill itself).