• This 1855 sheet music for “War Song of the Natives” is dedicated to the American (or Know Nothing), and reflects its resistance to “foreign” invasion through immigration. Courtesy of University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill via North Carolina Digital Heritage Center.

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    Dedicated to the American Party. War Song of the Natives, Words by P.W.C. Music by Miss L.C. Creoles of the City of New Orleans.
    • Date
    • 1855
    • Creator
    • L. C., Miss.
    • Description
    • Various ownership marks. 25 cents. Additional verses as text on p. [3]. Sterens. Engraver [2]: 1855 *** in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the Eastern District of La.
    • Rights
    • Public domain.
    • Partner
    • North Carolina Digital Heritage Center
    • Contributing Institution
    • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

  • Attendees in the 1948 States’ Rights Democratic (or Dixiecrat) Party Convention in Birmingham, Alabama, jeer at a woman protester holding a sign that reads: “End Lynching Win with Wallace.” The sign refers to Progressive Party candidate Henry Wallace. Courtesy of Atlanta History Center via Digital Library of Georgia.

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    Dixiecrat Convention, 1948
    • Date
    • 1948
    • Creator
    • Johnson, Marion, 1917-1998
    • Description
    • View of a crowd of men at the Dixiecrat Convention in Birmingham, Alabama jeering at a woman with an anti lynching, pro-Henry Wallace poster. The Dixiecrat Convention of 1948 was a gathering of the States Rights Democratic Party to nominate U.S. Sena... more
      View of a crowd of men at the Dixiecrat Convention in Birmingham, Alabama jeering at a woman with an anti lynching, pro-Henry Wallace poster. The Dixiecrat Convention of 1948 was a gathering of the States Rights Democratic Party to nominate U.S. Senator Strom Thurmond for President of the United States. The party, also known as the Dixiecrats, were a segregationist, populist, socially conservative offshoot of the Democratic Party. Local identification number: VIS 33.21.02. Local identification number: ahc033021002a.jpg. Marion Johnson Photographs, Atlanta History Center. less
    • Partner
    • Digital Library of Georgia
    • Contributing Institution
    • Atlanta History Center

  • In this news footage from August 1968, George Wallace for President supporters present Georgia Governor Ben Fortson with a petition to put Wallace on the Georgia presidential ballot in November. In 1968, former segregationist Alabama governor George Wallace ran as the American Independent Party candidate on a platform that rejected federal intervention into public education and promised to restore states’ rights. Courtesy of WSB-TV, Walter J. Brown Media Archives via Digital Library of Georgia.

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    GEORGE WALLACE FOR PRESIDENT SUPPORTERS PRESENT FORTSON WITH PETITION
    • Date
    • 1968-08-21
    • Creator
    • WSB-TV (Television station : Atlanta, Ga.)
    • Description
    • Title supplied by cataloger. Original found in the WSB-TV newsfilm collection.
    • Rights
    • Http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/. Cite as: wsbn54407, (No title), WSB-TV newsfilm collection, reel 1484, 10:56/12:53, Walter J. Brown Media Archives and Peabody Awards Collection, The University of Georgia Libraries, Athens, Ga.
    • Partner
    • Digital Library of Georgia
    • Contributing Institution
    • Walter J. Brown Media Archives and Peabody Awards Collection

While many outsider candidates have changed and diversified the face of the American presidency, other political platforms formed to resist perceived outsiders and their influence on American politics. These anti-outsider platforms play to xenophobic and racist fears of disenfranchised and underrepresented “others” in the US political landscape—like immigrants and African Americans—and the potential changes to the social order that they might bring when politically empowered. Fears include imagined threats of crime and intermarriage that challenged native-born white entitlement to public spaces like schools and neighborhoods and economic opportunities like jobs. These platforms promise renewed policing of social and legal boundaries that maintain the status quo. Although they have historically not been successful at achieving the presidency, anti-outsider platforms shed light on the priorities of the significant numbers of voters who support them in the context of historical climates of discrimination.

Early anti-outsider platforms in the nineteenth century included resistance to immigration and naturalization from the Know Nothing Party and post-Reconstruction rejection of black enfranchisement from southern Democrats. By the mid-twentieth century, anti-outsider platforms like that of the Dixiecrats opposed federal intervention into civil rights issues, the integration of schools and the armed forces, and the empowerment of black voters through anti-discrimination voting laws. More recently, these campaigns take stands against undocumented immigration from Mexico while playing on similar fears about jobs and crime as their predecessors.