• "The New Naval And Military Map Of The United States." Courtesy the David Rumsey Historical Map Collection.

    More info
    Select an item:
    The New Naval And Military Map Of The United States.
    • Date
    • 1862
    • Creator
    • Smith, J. Calvin. Smith, Robert P. Atwood, J.M. Meehan, Thomas.
    • Description
    • 1st ed. Stevenson identifies 3 issues. Very beautiful and elaborate map showing the hand of Robert Pearsal Smith (has similarities graphically to his N.Y. State Map of 1860). The map is drawn by J.M. Atwood, but is credited to J.C. Smith, "Author of ... more
      1st ed. Stevenson identifies 3 issues. Very beautiful and elaborate map showing the hand of Robert Pearsal Smith (has similarities graphically to his N.Y. State Map of 1860). The map is drawn by J.M. Atwood, but is credited to J.C. Smith, "Author of Harper's Gazetteer, Colton's County Map of the U.S., Traveler's Guide, &c." R.P. Smith is obviously competing with J.H. Colton by using J.C. Smith's name. Also, the population statistics for the 1860 census are listed, "in advance of official publication" (see Colton letter dated 1861 on this subject). Many inset views relating to the civil war, portraits of Union Generals, and thematic map insets. The U.S. map bears a striking resemblance to Colton's U.S. map of the same period (We suspect intentional on Smith's part) but it is different. H.H. Lloyd did a similar map in 1866 (High Ridge #18-165), probably by obtaining Smith's map copyright for this map and the New York State Map in 1865 when Smith left the map publishing business (Ristow p 377). With black top and bottom rollers. Full color by county. Inset showing crops and animals of the U.S. Table of distances. Table of time differences. Profiles route of Lieut. A.W. Whipple's route for Pacific Railroad. See note field above. P-Maps, p911; Karrow 1-1643,2; Stevenson 32.5. less
    • Rights
    • Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/
    • Partner
    • David Rumsey

  • "Phelps & Watson's Historical And Military Map Of The Border." Courtesy the David Rumsey Historical Map Collection.

    More info
    Select an item:
    Phelps & Watson's Historical And Military Map Of The Border
    • Date
    • 1864
    • Creator
    • Phelps & Watson.
    • Description
    • Updated to Oct 1, 1864. Full color by state. Map is folded into orange card board covers 17x11 with "New Historical War Map" printed in black. See note field above. Stephenson 53.2.
    • Rights
    • Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/
    • Partner
    • David Rumsey

  • "Map Of The Seat Of War In Virginia. Positions of the Rebel Forces." Courtesy the David Rumsey Historical Map Collection.

    More info
    Select an item:
    Map Of The Seat Of War In Virginia. Positions of the Rebel Forces
    • Date
    • 1861
    • Creator
    • New York Herald.
    • Description
    • Folded broadside inserted in Newspaper, printed without color. Probably a few weeks later than the Stephenson 451.3 (June 17, 1861) because some of the troop counts are increased (Richmond). The engraver credit for Waters & Son is not present, and th... more
      Folded broadside inserted in Newspaper, printed without color. Probably a few weeks later than the Stephenson 451.3 (June 17, 1861) because some of the troop counts are increased (Richmond). The engraver credit for Waters & Son is not present, and the map appears to be reengraved. The map has the feel of an "hot off the press" look at the battlefields of the war. Shows military fortifications, roads and railroads. Relief shown by hachures. Folded broadside inserted in Newspaper, printed without color. Probably a few weeks later than the Stephenson 451.3 (June 17, 1861) because some of the troop counts are increased (Richmond). The engraver credit for Waters & Son is not present, and the map appears to be reengraved. The map has the feel of an "hot off the press" look at the battlefields of the war. Cf Stephenson 451.3 - illustrated p 205. less
    • Rights
    • Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/
    • Partner
    • David Rumsey

  • "Military Portraits. Glossary Of War Terms, Maps, Arms, Etc." Courtesy the David Rumsey Historical Map Collection.

    More info
    Select an item:
    Military Portraits. Glossary Of War Terms, Maps, Arms, Etc.
    • Date
    • 1861
    • Creator
    • Hall, E.S. Lloyd, H.H. Waters & Son.
    • Description
    • A very decorative Civil War chart showing military uniforms and dress, 10 portraits of prominent Union Officers, and a map delineating battles around Washington. See note field above. Cf Stephenson 12.7 (has a different map inset: Western Border Stat... more
      A very decorative Civil War chart showing military uniforms and dress, 10 portraits of prominent Union Officers, and a map delineating battles around Washington. See note field above. Cf Stephenson 12.7 (has a different map inset: Western Border States). less
    • Rights
    • Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/
    • Partner
    • David Rumsey

In the mid-nineteenth century, America’s division over slavery quickly escalated into the American Civil War, and with the war came a new appreciation for maps. These maps of wartime and national conflict served many purposes for the people of the United States, and were published by national journals such as Harpers, local presses, federal and state governments, and independent mapmakers. Many maps were purely utilitarian. But even those could be beautiful. Whatever their visual quality, maps served to describe and define new confederacies or lost ground, locate population groups such as slaves or enemy combatants, and even memorialize military strategies, battles, and heroes. In a country being torn apart, maps became representative of the grim realities of war and the division between North and South.