• The "chief resident Japanese physician" working on an emergency appendectomy in the operating room of the Granada Japanese Relocation Camp, 1942. Courtesy of the University of Southern California Libraries.

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    Hospital operating room at Granada Japanese Relocation
    • Date
    • 1942-12-08
    • Creator
    • Tom Parker
    • Description
    • Photograph of the hospital operating room in the Granada Japanese Relocation Camp. "In one of the two hospital operating rooms at the center, Dr. Gerald A. Duffy, resident physician, assisted by chief resident Japanese physician, Dr. S. Yamada perfor... more
      Photograph of the hospital operating room in the Granada Japanese Relocation Camp. "In one of the two hospital operating rooms at the center, Dr. Gerald A. Duffy, resident physician, assisted by chief resident Japanese physician, Dr. S. Yamada performs an emergency appendectomy. less
    • Rights
    • Http://maryknollmissionarchives.org/?page_id=1917 ; Maryknoll Mission and Diakonia Archives, VID Specialized University. Http://maryknollmissionarchives.org/?page_id=17. Maryknoll Mission and Diakonia Archives, VID Specialized University. Maryknoll M... more
      Http://maryknollmissionarchives.org/?page_id=1917 ; Maryknoll Mission and Diakonia Archives, VID Specialized University. Http://maryknollmissionarchives.org/?page_id=17. Maryknoll Mission and Diakonia Archives, VID Specialized University. Maryknoll Mission Archives, P.O. Box 305, Maryknoll, N.Y. 10545-0305; http://maryknollmissionarchives.org/. Archives@maryknoll.org ; http://maryknollmissionarchives.org/?page_id=1669. less
    • Partner
    • University of Southern California Libraries
    • Contributing Institution
    • University of Southern California. Libraries

  • Mess hall workers at the Tule Lake Relocation Center in California. Courtesy of the University of Utah J. Willard Marriott Library via the Mountain West Digital Library.

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    68 Mess Hall workers at the Tule Lake Internment camp
    • Date
    • 1943-09-18
    • Creator
    • Cook, J. Douglas
    • Description
    • Group photo of evacuee mess hall workers at the Tule Lake Relocation Center in California during World War II, including Florence Nishijima Hanagata
    • Rights
    • This material may be protected by copyright. Permission required for use in any form. For further information please contact the Multimedia Archivist, Special Collections, J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah.
    • Partner
    • Mountain West Digital Library
    • Contributing Institution
    • University of Utah - J. Willard Marriott Library

Evacuee work was essential to keep the camps in running order and to fulfill community needs. From doctors to janitors, there was a job for nearly everyone. Each camp had its own hospital, police department, and fire department. Evacuee dentists, doctors, nurses, and other hospital staff worked under Caucasian directors. Since school was mandatory, internee teachers were employed, although they earned considerably less than their Caucasian counterparts.

Each camp had its own newspaper, meaning that journalists, typesetters, illustrators, and paper boys all had job opportunities. Each camp also had dry goods stores that employed cashiers and sales representatives. There was an especially great need for mess hall workers and cooks to provide the camp residents with three daily meals. Office work that supported the administration of the camps was an option for many. Construction projects were always ongoing, requiring the hands of many carpenters. Sanitation workers had the unforgiving, but necessary, task of tending to the latrines.