• Indian War Dance at White Earth, Minn. June 14, 1910.

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    Indian War Dance at White Earth, Minn. June 14 '10
    • Date
    • 6/14/1910
    • Creator
    • Bjornaas, Haakon, 1884-1949
    • Description
    • Indian War Dance Celebration at White Earth on June 14, 1910. White Earth is located within the White Earth Indian Reservation (Gaa-waabaabiganikaag) and is home to the White Earth Nation, also known as the Anishinaabe.
    • Rights
    • Reproduce only with permission of Northwest Minnesota Historical Center.
    • Partner
    • Minnesota Digital Library; Northwest Minnesota Historical Center, 1104 7th Avenue South, Moorhead, MN 56563; http://www.mnstate.edu/archives/NorthwestMN/Home.htm
    • Contributing Institution
    • Northwest Minnesota Historical Center
    • Is Part Of
    • http://reflections.mndigital.org/cdm/ref/collection/mhd/id/148

  • Ojibwe family visited by Sister Laura Hesch, Order of St. Benedict at Mille Lacs Indian Reservation, Minnesota.

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    Ojibwe family visited by Sister Laura Hesch, Order of St. Benedict at Mille Lacs Indian Reservation, Minnesota
    • Date
    • 1930 - 1939
    • Description
    • The first concern for Sister Laura Hesch when she began her mission on the Mille Lacs Indian Reservation (Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwe) was to get acquainted with the Ojibwe. She made her way to families and visited them in their homes on the reservatio... more
      The first concern for Sister Laura Hesch when she began her mission on the Mille Lacs Indian Reservation (Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwe) was to get acquainted with the Ojibwe. She made her way to families and visited them in their homes on the reservation. The Ojibwe developed a faithful friendship with and a trust in Sister Laura--so much so that they requested she be buried on the reservation when she died. less
    • Rights
    • Copyright© 2007 Saint Benedict's Monastery. All Rights Reserved.
    • Partner
    • Minnesota Digital Library; Saint Benedict's Monastery, 104 Chapel Lane, St. Joseph, MN 56374-0220; http://www.sbm.osb.org
    • Contributing Institution
    • Saint Benedict's Monastery
    • Is Part Of
    • http://reflections.mndigital.org/cdm/ref/collection/stbm/id/454

The maintenance of endangered traditions requires the constant care and devotion of their practitioners. This first photograph of a group of men dancing at White Earth in 1910 shows them Trooping the Colors of the American flag directly next to the traditional eagle staff at the opening ceremony. Contemporary pow wows open the same way, generally with veterans of the Viet Nam, Iraq or Afghanistan Wars holding the flag and staff.

This new tradition to help Native people cope with colonialism’s depredations spread extremely quickly – the collection of the Minnesota Historical Society, for example, has one of the earliest extant Jingle Dresses. The piece was collected in 1905 – among the Dakota at Upper Sioux. The dress quickly began to morph from a shirt and skirt combination with a simple line of tin cone jingles on each garment to more elaborate styles like the caped dress in this photograph taken at Mille Lacs in the 1930s.