• Map of Country Comprising the Sioux Indian Reservations in North and South Dakota (Frazier Augustus Boutelle Papers).

    More info
    Frazier Augustus Boutelle Papers
    • Date
    • 1869-1933
    • Description
    • The Frazier Augustus Boutelle papers contains approximately 800 letters from members of the Boutelle family, and also includes various maps, notebooks, military awards, account books, and school papers of F. A. Boutelle's son, Harry. Most of the... more
      The Frazier Augustus Boutelle papers contains approximately 800 letters from members of the Boutelle family, and also includes various maps, notebooks, military awards, account books, and school papers of F. A. Boutelle's son, Harry. Most of the collection consists of family letters. Contains miscellaneous items with no folders. Some of the items include an address book, Harry's newspaper clippings regarding "Sioux Campaign of 1890 and 1891" F. A. Along with maps pertaining to the Souix Indian Reservation, Western Washington, North Dakota, and Vancouver. less
    • Rights
    • The item(s) may be subject to copyright restrictions by the creators or their assigns.
    • Partner
    • Oregon Digital Library; University of Oregon
    • Is Part Of
    • http://oregondigital.org/u?/tlegacies,223

The mission civilatrice embarked upon by the United States government and Christian churches produced major changes for Native cultures by the late 19th century. Reservations began to be established in Minnesota as early as 1851 – seven years before Minnesota’s statehood. Over the next fifty years, Indian lands would continue to shrink in the face of the burgeoning American population’s increasingly voracious appetite for land.

Land loss, in turn, led to the near collapse of Anishinaabe and Dakota society, which then buttressed the American sense that assimilation into American culture was the only way forward for Native peoples in the US.