• "The Health of the Child Is the Power of the Nation, Children's Year," 1918. Courtesy of the North Carolina Department of Natural and Cultural Resources via North Carolina Digital Heritage Center.

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    The Health of the Child Is the Power of the Nation. Children's Year
    • Date
    • 1918
    • Description
    • Poster featuring a group of healthy-looking children in the field, going on a picnic. Text indicates April 1918 to April 1919 to be "Children's Year.".
    • Rights
    • The SA of NC considers this item in the public domain by U.S. law but responsibility for permissions rests with researchers.;
    • Partner
    • North Carolina Digital Heritage Center
    • Contributing Institution
    • North Carolina Department of Natural and Cultural Resources

  • “Photograph of a nurse weighing a baby, Clarkesville, Georgia, 1953.” Courtesy of the Clarkesville-Habersham Library via Digital Library of Georgia.

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    Photograph of a nurse weighing a baby, Clarkesville, Georgia, 1953
    • Date
    • 1953
    • Description
    • Photograph of a nurse weighing a baby, Clarkesville, Georgia, 1953. This photograph is from a scrapbook submitted to Georgia Power's 1953 Champion Home Town contest. The contest was extended to towns with populations under 20,000. The photos document... more
      Photograph of a nurse weighing a baby, Clarkesville, Georgia, 1953. This photograph is from a scrapbook submitted to Georgia Power's 1953 Champion Home Town contest. The contest was extended to towns with populations under 20,000. The photos document the town's progress in the areas of education, industry, recreation, youth, clubs and societies, complete with brief written progress reports. Clarkesville-Habersham Library, Clarkesville, Georgia. less
    • Rights
    • Http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/NoC-US/1.0/
    • Partner
    • Digital Library of Georgia
    • Contributing Institution
    • Clarkesville-Habersham Library

  • A Chapter of Child Health, a report of the Commonwealth Fund child health demonstration in Clarke County and Athens, Georgia, 1924-1928. Athens, Georgia was one of four locations chosen for the Commonwealth Fund's Child Health Demonstration Committee pilot program. Courtesy of the Athens Regional Library System via Digital Library of Georgia.

     

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    A Chapter of Child Health
    • Date
    • 1930
    • Creator
    • Commonwealth Fund
    • Description
    • A chapter of child health: Report of the Commonwealth Fund child health demonstration in Clarke County and Athens, Georgia, 1924-1928. Book describes efforts by the Commonwealth Fund to strengthen public health services, particularly for children, in... more
      A chapter of child health: Report of the Commonwealth Fund child health demonstration in Clarke County and Athens, Georgia, 1924-1928. Book describes efforts by the Commonwealth Fund to strengthen public health services, particularly for children, in Clarke County, Georgia. less
    • Rights
    • Http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/NoC-US/1.0/
    • Partner
    • Digital Library of Georgia
    • Contributing Institution
    • Athens-Clarke County Library (Athens, Ga.)

In the middle of the nineteenth century, medical and health institutions specifically for children were rare. In fact, in the absence of an organization for the protection of children, the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals handled its first child abuse case before its founder established the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children in 1874.

With a high birth rate and rapidly growing population, it was inevitable that the medical profession would increase its attention on child care in the late nineteenth century. In 1861, Dr. Abraham Jacobi, known as the “Father of Pediatrics,” established the first children’s clinic in the New York Medical College.

The Commonwealth Fund, a charitable organization that sought to improve health services, established the Child Health Demonstration Committee to investigate models for preventive care services in communities. In the 1920s, four pilot locations were established in North Dakota, Georgia, Tennessee, and Oregon, and their services were extremely successful in reducing child mortality rate in a few of these communities.