• “Military map of the United States of America showing location of all forces in training,” 1917. Courtesy of the Boston Public Library via Digital Commonwealth.

    More info
    Select an item:
    Military map of the United States of America showing location of all forces in training
    • Date
    • 1917
    • Creator
    • Poole Brothers
    • Description
    • Relief shown by hachures. Shows locations of military training bases, national parks, and Union Pacific railroad lines; state boundaries and major cities and towns. 8-1-17. 6095. On verso: text; ill., photographs; lists of National Army cantonment ca... more
      Relief shown by hachures. Shows locations of military training bases, national parks, and Union Pacific railroad lines; state boundaries and major cities and towns. 8-1-17. 6095. On verso: text; ill., photographs; lists of National Army cantonment camps, National Guard concentration camps, increment camps, reserve officers' training camps, aero training stations, posts and stations of the Army, Naval stations and Marine barracks. Issued by the Union Pacific System. less
    • Rights
    • No known copyright restrictions. No known restrictions on use.
    • Partner
    • Digital Commonwealth
    • Contributing Institution
    • Boston Public Library

  • "Construction of the World War I barracks" at Springfield College in Massachusetts, 1918. Courtesy of the Springfield College Archives and Special Collections via Digital Commonwealth.

    More info
    Select an item:
    Construction of the World War I barracks (1918)
    • Date
    • 1918-10-18
    • Description
    • This photograph shows the construction of the barracks from World War I, and was taken on October 18, 1918, the day the The Student Army Training Corps (SATC) was formed at Springfield College. There is a man standing in front of the barracks. The ba... more
      This photograph shows the construction of the barracks from World War I, and was taken on October 18, 1918, the day the The Student Army Training Corps (SATC) was formed at Springfield College. There is a man standing in front of the barracks. The barracks have no windows and there are materials laying on the ground around the outside. There is a ladder against the wall. The barracks held the one-hundred and eight students enrolled in the program. At Springfield College, the SATC disbanded on December 21, 1918. In April 1918, the National Army Training Detachments program was established at one hundred and fifty-seven colleges, universities, and trade schools under contract with the War Department, including Springfield College. The program was designed to train draftees in a variety of trades needed for the war effort, and was jointly administered by the military and the university. The proposed Student Army Training Corps, according to Carol Gruber, would serve to develop “as a great military asset the large body of young men in the colleges and... [to prevent] unnecessary and wasteful depletion of the colleges through indiscriminate volunteering, by offering the student a definite and immediate military status." (Mars and Minerva 215). less
    • Rights
    • Text and images are owned, held, or licensed by Springfield College and are available for personal, non-commercial, and educational use, provided that ownership is properly cited. A credit line is required and should read: Courtesy of Springfield Col... more
      Text and images are owned, held, or licensed by Springfield College and are available for personal, non-commercial, and educational use, provided that ownership is properly cited. A credit line is required and should read: Courtesy of Springfield College, Babson Library, Archives and Special Collections. Any commercial use without written permission from Springfield College is strictly prohibited. Other individuals or entities other than, and in addition to, Springfield College may also own copyrights and other propriety rights. The publishing, exhibiting, or broadcasting party assumes all responsibility for clearing reproduction rights and for any infringement of United States copyright law. Contact host institution for more information. less
    • Partner
    • Digital Commonwealth
    • Contributing Institution
    • Springfield College Archives and Special Collections

  • "World War I barracks" at Springfield College in Massachusetts, 1918. These barracks held up to 108 students. Courtesy of the Springfield College Archives and Special Collections via Digital Commonwealth.

    More info
    Select an item:
    World War I barracks (1918)
    • Date
    • 1918-11-06
    • Description
    • This photograph shows the barracks from World War I, and was said to be taken on November 6, 1918. A pile of dirt can be seen along a wall of the barracks.The Student Army Training Corps (SATC) was formed on October 1, 1918. The barracks held the one... more
      This photograph shows the barracks from World War I, and was said to be taken on November 6, 1918. A pile of dirt can be seen along a wall of the barracks.The Student Army Training Corps (SATC) was formed on October 1, 1918. The barracks held the one-hundred and eight students enrolled in the program. At Springfield College, the SATC disbanded on December 21, 1918. In April 1918, the National Army Training Detachments program was established at one hundred and fifty-seven colleges, universities, and trade schools under contract with the War Department, including Springfield College. The program was designed to train draftees in a variety of trades needed for the war effort, and was jointly administered by the military and the university. The proposed Student Army Training Corps, according to Carol Gruber, would serve to develop “as a great military asset the large body of young men in the colleges and... [to prevent] unnecessary and wasteful depletion of the colleges through indiscriminate volunteering, by offering the student a definite and immediate military status." (Mars and Minerva 215). less
    • Rights
    • Text and images are owned, held, or licensed by Springfield College and are available for personal, non-commercial, and educational use, provided that ownership is properly cited. A credit line is required and should read: Courtesy of Springfield Col... more
      Text and images are owned, held, or licensed by Springfield College and are available for personal, non-commercial, and educational use, provided that ownership is properly cited. A credit line is required and should read: Courtesy of Springfield College, Babson Library, Archives and Special Collections. Any commercial use without written permission from Springfield College is strictly prohibited. Other individuals or entities other than, and in addition to, Springfield College may also own copyrights and other propriety rights. The publishing, exhibiting, or broadcasting party assumes all responsibility for clearing reproduction rights and for any infringement of United States copyright law. Contact host institution for more information. less
    • Partner
    • Digital Commonwealth
    • Contributing Institution
    • Springfield College Archives and Special Collections

  • "After war was declared Uncle Sam got busy," 1917. Some camp barracks consisted of tents. Courtesy of the Boston Public Library, Leslie Jones Collection via Digital Commonwealth.

    More info
    Select an item:
    After war was declared Uncle Sam got busy
    • Date
    • 1917
    • Creator
    • Jones, Leslie, 1886-1967
    • Description
    • Title and date from information provided by Leslie Jones or the Boston Public Library on the negative or negative sleeve.
    • Rights
    • Copyright (c) Leslie Jones. All rights reserved.
    • Partner
    • Digital Commonwealth
    • Contributing Institution
    • Boston Public Library

To prepare the nearly three million new soldiers who had joined the ranks through the drafting process, the US military used training camps across the United States. By 1918, the US Army had established thirty-two of these units to expedite the flow of experienced soldiers into the conflict. In many cases, soldiers arrived at camps before the camps were ready for them. Early images of these camps show the buildings in disarray, with windows yet to be installed and tools scattered around those in training.

Further, 157 educational institutions opened military training units—for example, the Student Army Training Corps (SATC) at Springfield Collegewhich granted students military status as part of their existing academic education.