• "Many Roads to Opportunity," published in the Washington Evening Star on June 15, 1917. Fresh out of school, the student is ready to travel down any of the numerous roads offered to him in aiding the war effort. Courtesy of the National Archives and Records Administration.

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    Many Roads to Opportunity
    • Creator
    • U.S. Senate. Office of Senate Curator. ?-.
    • Description
    • This illustration entitled, "Many Roads to Opportunity", by cartoonist Clifford Berryman, which appeared in the Washington Evening Star on June 15, 1917, shows a new graduate pondering which road to support the war effort that he would choose to take... more
      This illustration entitled, "Many Roads to Opportunity", by cartoonist Clifford Berryman, which appeared in the Washington Evening Star on June 15, 1917, shows a new graduate pondering which road to support the war effort that he would choose to take. less
    • Rights
    • Unrestricted.
    • Partner
    • National Archives and Records Administration
    • Contributing Institution
    • Center for Legislative Archives

  • "Teufel hunden. German nickname for U.S. Marines. Devil dog recruiting station." ca. 1918. The tradition of using an English bulldog as a mascot for the United States Marine Corps has its roots in the fighting campaigns of World War I. German reports referred to the attacking Marines as "teufel hunden," meaning devil dogs, because of their tenacity and fighting ability. Teufel hunden were the vicious, wild mountain dogs of Bavarian folklore. Courtesy of Boston Public Library via Digital Commonwealth.

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    Teufel hunden. German nickname for U.S. Marines. Devil dog recruiting station
    • Date
    • 1918
    • Description
    • English bulldog, mascot for the U.S. Marine Corp, chases a dachshund clad in German military garb. Recruiting poster is for "317 Second Street. The tradition of using an English bulldog as a mascot for the United States Marine Corps has its roots in ... more
      English bulldog, mascot for the U.S. Marine Corp, chases a dachshund clad in German military garb. Recruiting poster is for "317 Second Street. The tradition of using an English bulldog as a mascot for the United States Marine Corps has its roots in the fighting campaigns of World War I. It is not an image that comes from the Marine Corps, but instead, from the hard won respect of their foes. German reports referred to the attacking Marines as "teufel hunden," meaning devil dogs, because of their tenacity and fighting ability. Teufel hunden were the vicious, wild mountain dogs of Bavarian folklore. Signed "H. less
    • Rights
    • No known copyright restrictions. No known restrictions on use.
    • Partner
    • Digital Commonwealth
    • Contributing Institution
    • Boston Public Library

  • "World War I Volunteers." August 24, 1918. A large contingent of African American recruits gathered in front of the Delaware County Courthouse before shipping out. Courtesy of the Other Side of Middletown Collection, Archives and Special Collections, Ball State University Libraries via Indiana Memory.

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    World War I Volunteers
    • Date
    • 1918-08-24
    • Description
    • A large contingent of African American recruits gathered in front of the Delaware County Court House before shipping out.
    • Rights
    • Http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
    • Partner
    • Indiana Memory
    • Contributing Institution
    • Ball State University. University Libraries. Archives and Special Collections
      Ball State University. University Libraries

When the United States joined the war on April 6, 1917, the nation’s military forces were comprised of only 200,000 soldiers. By the end of that month, only 97,000 additional men had enlisted willingly, prompting government officials to employ more aggressive recruitment tactics. The Selective Service Act was issued on May 18, 1917, requiring all male citizens aged twenty-one to thirty to register for the draft by June 6, 1917. Twenty-four million men registered for the draft and almost three million were drafted into service.

In the summer of 1917, most of these new soldiers stayed behind to receive military training, while a small group of more experienced troops headed to Europe.