• Female students at pro-Equal Rights Amendment demonstration in front of State House, while two young suited males look on, Atlanta, Georgia, 1980s.

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    Female students at pro-Equal Rights Amendment demonstration in front of State House, while two young suited males look on, Atlanta, Georgia, 1980s
    • Date
    • 1980
    • Creator
    • Atlanta Journal-Constitution; Arroyo, Nick
    • Description
    • Newspaper assignment sheet attached to print verso identifies photographer (Nick Arroyo): "Checking out the women at the ERA demo in front of the State house [sic] LIGHT HEARTED". Signs demonstrators are holding read: "Braving the cold... more
      Newspaper assignment sheet attached to print verso identifies photographer (Nick Arroyo): "Checking out the women at the ERA demo in front of the State house [sic] LIGHT HEARTED". Signs demonstrators are holding read: "Braving the cold for ERA," "Lutherans for the ERA," "let our education benefit us; Pass ERA," and "Students demand equal opportunity under the law; ERA today." less
    • Rights
    • Photograph by Nick Arroyo. Copyright, Atlanta Journal-Constitution, Courtesy of
    • Partner
    • Georgia State University. Library. Special Collections; Digital Library of Georgia
    • Contributing Institution
    • Georgia State University. Libraries. Special Collections

  • "ERA demonstrators at State Capital building," Atlanta, Georgia, ca. 1980s.

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    ERA demonstrators at State Capital building, Atlanta, Georgia, ca. 1980s
    • Date
    • 1980
    • Creator
    • Atlanta Journal-Constitution; Wilson, Bill (William Bryan), 1914-1993
    • Description
    • Inscribed on print verso: "ERA Demonstrators at Capital." and "Equal Rights Amendments [sic]." Woman holding sign that reads, "Black women for ERA."
    • Rights
    • Photograph by Bill Wilson. Copyright, Atlanta Journal-Constitution, Courtesy of
    • Partner
    • Georgia State University. Library. Special Collections; Digital Library of Georgia
    • Contributing Institution
    • Georgia State University. Libraries. Special Collections

  • Carol Wages (from left), Ray Carter and Judie Padgett recite the Pledge of Allegiance to the Flag at a rally in Roswell against the passage of the Equal Rights Amendment, Roswell, Georgia, November 26, 1981.

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    Carol Wages (from left), Ray Carter and Judie Padgett recite the Pledge of Allegiance to the Flag at a rally in Roswell against the passage of the Equal Rights Amendment, Roswell, Georgia, November 26, 1981
    • Date
    • 1981 November 26
    • Creator
    • Atlanta Journal-Constitution; Skinner, Bud
    • Description
    • Newspaper caption attached to print verso: "Carol Wages (from left), Ray Carter and Judie Padgett recite the Pledge of Allegiance to the Flag at a rally in Roswell against the passage of the Equal Rights Amendment." Inscribed on verso of th... more
      Newspaper caption attached to print verso: "Carol Wages (from left), Ray Carter and Judie Padgett recite the Pledge of Allegiance to the Flag at a rally in Roswell against the passage of the Equal Rights Amendment." Inscribed on verso of the print: "L to R - Carol Wages; Kay Carter; Judie Padgett during Pledge Allegiance to the Flag at ERA rally in Roswell, Ga." Photographer is Bud Skinner. less
    • Rights
    • Photograph by Bud Skinner. Copyright, Atlanta Journal-Constitution, Courtesy of
    • Partner
    • Georgia State University. Library. Special Collections; Digital Library of Georgia
    • Contributing Institution
    • Georgia State University. Libraries. Special Collections

  • Cobb County N.O.W. President Kathy Martin at Allstate protest, Georgia, November 24, 1983.

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    Cobb County N.O.W. President Kathy Martin at Allstate protest, Georgia, November 24, 1983
    • Date
    • 1983 November 24
    • Creator
    • Atlanta Journal-Constitution; Pugh, Michael
    • Description
    • Newspaper assignment sheet attached to print verso identifies the photographer (Michael Pugh): "Cobb N.O.W. President Kathy Martin, at Allstate protest." Martin carries a sign that reads "Discrimination costs women."
    • Rights
    • Photograph by Michael Pugh. Copyright, Atlanta Journal-Constitution, Courtesy of
    • Partner
    • Georgia State University. Library. Special Collections; Digital Library of Georgia
    • Contributing Institution
    • Georgia State University. Libraries. Special Collections

The Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) was a proposed amendment to the United States Constitution intended to guarantee equal rights for women.  First introduced in Congress as early as 1923, and submitted repeatedly over subsequent years, the ERA finally passed both houses of Congress in 1972, and it was sent to state legislatures for ratification.  Congress set a ratification deadline of June 30, 1982, but the amendment failed to receive the necessary number of ratifications before the deadline, and thus the ERA was not adopted.  There have been many attempts to revive the ERA.  Throughout its long history, the ERA experienced substantial activism by both supporters and opponents, sometimes accompanied by large shifts in political attitudes.