• Civil Rights Demonstration [Note: protestor with “Jim Crow must go” sign].

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    Civil Rights Demonstration
    • Date
    • 1960 December
    • Creator
    • Stanford, William, Sr.
    • Description
    • View of unidentified men protesting segregated facilities outside of Rich's store in downtown Atlanta, Georgia. In December of 1960 African Americans, perhaps students attending Atlanta University Center colleges and universities, protested raci... more
      View of unidentified men protesting segregated facilities outside of Rich's store in downtown Atlanta, Georgia. In December of 1960 African Americans, perhaps students attending Atlanta University Center colleges and universities, protested racial segregation policies of Rich's Department Store by picketing in front of the Rich's store in downtown Atlanta, Georgia. less
    • Rights
    • Courtesy of the Kenan Research Center at the Atlanta History Center. Cite as: William Stanford Sr. Photographs, Kenan Research Center, Atlanta History Center, Atlanta, Ga.
    • Partner
    • Atlanta History Center; Digital Library of Georgia
    • Contributing Institution
    • Atlanta History Center

Demonstrations were major tools of the civil rights movements, such as those in Birmingham and Atlanta, among other locations.  The nonviolent direct action protest proved especially effective, as attested by Martin Luther King’s eloquent “A Letter from Birmingham Jail.”  Demonstration tactics might include marches, rallies, picketing, sit-ins, and other forms of protest.  Such demonstrations were so successful that similar approaches were soon adopted by activists for peace, women’s issues, gay rights, and other causes.