Introduction

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A group of women who work together in the Ayer Mill Mending Room, Lawrence, Mass., 1909.

Life in Lawrence was hard for mill workers. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor’s Report on the Strike (1912), in 1910 Lawrence had the eighth highest death rate per 1000 in the country (Lowell the worst); the seventh highest death rate for infants in the country; and the fifth highest death rate in the country for children under 5.