Introduction

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ERA demonstrators at State Capital building, Atlanta, Georgia, ca. 1980s.

Activism for women’s issues in the United States has a very long history, with some notable successes achieved along the way, such as the right to vote achieved in 1920—but many important issues remained unresolved.  The Equal Rights Amendment was first proposed in 1923, but did not pass Congress until 1972, and eventually failed when the ratification deadline expired in 1982.  Another major issue for women involves the ongoing struggle between “pro-choice” and “anti-abortion” advocates.  Substantial activism on these important issues continues today.