Moses Fleetwood Walker, first African-American athlete both at the University of Michigan and in professional baseball, with his college teammates, 1882View Full Image in University of Michigan. Bentley Historical Library
Top Row: John Henry Rollins, Walter Davis, Thomas P. AntleFront Row: capt. William S. Harvey, Charles G. Allmendinger, Arthur P. Packard, Moses Fleetwood Walker, Frank W. Davenport, Richard Dott [incl…
George “Chappie” Johnson, first baseman Columbia Giants and later Major League Baseball trainer, circa 1900White, Sol (1868-)View Full Image in Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division. The New York Public Library
Cuban X-Giants, comprised of former members of the first professional African-American baseball team New York Cuban Giants, 1905White, Sol (1868-)View Full Image in Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division. The New York Public Library
Sol White, captain and first baseman of the Philadelphia Giants and Hall-of-Fame Negro leagues pioneer, circa 1905White, Sol (1868-)View Full Image in Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division. The New York Public Library
Nat C. Strong, secretary of the National Association Colored Base Ball Clubs of the United States and Cuba, circa 1907White, Sol (1868-)
Advertisement for game between the Birmingham Giants and the Nashville Collegians, 1909View Full Text in Tennessee State Library & Archives
Advertisement for a baseball game between the Birmingham Giants and the Nashville Collegians, two African American baseball teams.
World War I draft registration card for Andrew “Rube” Foster, player and future founder of Negro National League, 1917War Department. Office of the Provost Marshal General. Selective Service System. 1917-7/15/1919View Full Item in National Archives at Atlanta
The draft registration card of Andrew Foster, also known as Rube Foster, indicates that he worked as a baseball player, residing in Chicago, Illinois.
Amateur baseball team with African-American players, Chicago, 1922Chicago Commission on Race RelationsView Full Image in Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Jean Blackwell Hutson Research and Reference Division. The New York Public Library
St. Louis Stars, National Negro League World Series champions, 1928View Full Item in Missouri History Museum
Horizontal black and white photograph of the St. Louis Stars. One row is standing, and one row is sitting with their legs crossed. Above are their names. They are 'Standing left to right. Mgr. Taylor…
Umpire Ducky Kemp Penalaver, one of three salaried arbiters In Negro National League, with player and a colleague, 1930sScurlock Studio (Washington, D.C.)View Full Item in Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Fees for commercial use. Smithsonian Institution owns rights. Reproduction photograph of this image exhibited in "The Scurlock Studio and Black Washington: Picturing the Promise," NMAAHC Gallery, NMAH…
Mohawk Giants players Charlie Williams, Babe Hobson, and Art Milton with young fan, circa 1931View Full Image in Schenectady County Historical Society
This photo was found by local Schenectady businessman Arnold Fisher who had his picture taken as a child with Mohawk Giants players pitcher Charlie Williams on left, infielder Babe Hobson middle, and…
Mohawk Giants player and Cuban immigrant Nestor Lambertis, circa 1933View Full Image in Schenectady County Historical Society
Nestor "Papa" Lambertis was a Cuban immigrant who played on the Giants as an outfielder from 1931 to 1934. Here, prior to a game, he stands behind the first base seats at Central Park in Schenectady.…
History of National Negro Baseball League, with a focus on New York, 1937Gardner, James, Writers' Program (New York, N.Y.)View Full Text in Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division. The New York Public Library
Baseball used in the East-West All-Star Game for Negro league players, 1937View Full Item in National Museum of American History
Baseball used in the 1937 Negro League East-West All-Star Game, played on August 8, 1937 at Comiskey Park in Chicago, Illinois. Buck Leonard (1907-1997), first baseman for the Homestead Grays, hit a h…
Watts Golden Eagles minor league team, Los Angeles, circa 1938View Full Item in Los Angeles Public Library
Image is a reproduction. Title supplied by cataloger. A portrait of a minor league professional baseball team from Watts, the Golden Eagles, in the late 1930's. The coach recruited from the Negro leag…
Zack Clayton, boxing referee and Hall-of-Fame basketball player, with members of the Budwesier Barons Baseball Club, 1940sMosley, John W.View Full Item in Temple University
Image of Zack Clayton [standing far right]; Also pictured is Charles Cooper [standing center]; Career: 1932-1944; Positions: [1b, c]; Teams: Santop's Broncos ('31), Atlantic City Bacharach Giants ('32…
Hall-of-Fame pitcher Satchel Paige demonstrates his unique pitching style in Kansas City Monarchs uniform, 1940sDetroit News (Firm)View Full Image
Collection located at the Walter P. Reuther Library, Archives of Labor and Urban Affairs, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan. To schedule an appointment to view the original image, order high r…
Hall-of-Famer Willard Brown in Kansas City Monarchs uniform, 1940sMosley, John W.View Full Item in Temple University
Image of Brown, posed standing inside building, wearing Kansas City Monarchs uniform. Career: 1934-1952; Position: [cf, lf, of, ss]; Teams: Monroe Monarchs ('34), Kansas City Monarchs ('35-'43, '46-'5…
Hall-of-Famer Biz Mackey at bat in Newark Eagles uniform, 1940sMosley, John W.View Full Item in Temple University
Image of Mackey, in action at bat in Newark Eagles baseball game. Career: 1918-1947; Positions: [c,ss,3b,2b,1b,of,p,mgr.]; Teams: San Antonio Black Aces ('18), Indianapolis ABCs ('20-'22), New York Li…
Hall-of-Fame Newark Eagles player Willie James “Devil” Wells, 1940sMosley, John W.View Full Item in Temple University
Image of Wells, posed leaning on baseball bat, standing on baseball field wearing Newark Eagles uniform. Career: 1923-1954; Positions: [ss,3b,2b,p,mgr.]; Teams: San Antonio Black Aces ('23), St. Louis…
Hall-of-Famer Monte Irvin posing in his Newark Eagles uniform, 1940sMosley, John W.View Full Item in Temple University
Image of Irvin, posed standing on baseball field swinging bat, wearing Newark Eagles uniform. Career: 1937-1957; Positions: [of,ss,3b]; Teams: Newark Eagles ('37-'42,'45-'48), Mexican League ('42), mi…
Homestead Grays player Vic Harris and Hall-of Fame teammate Buck Leonard chatting in the dugout, 1940sMosley, John W.View Full Item in Temple University
Image of Harris conversing with teamate Buck Leonard in Homestead Gray's dugout. Career: 1923-1950; Position: [lf,rf,cf,of,1b,mgr.,coach]; Teams: Cleveland Tate Stars ('23), Cleveland Browns ('24), Ch…
Hall-of-Fame Homestead Grays player Josh Gibson in his catcher’s equipment, circa 1942Charles "Teenie" Harris, 1908 - 1998View Full Item in National Portrait Gallery
Hall-of-Famer Ray Brown and his Homestead Grays teammates, 1942Charles "Teenie" Harris, 1908 - 1998View Full Item in National Portrait Gallery
Formed in the steel town of Homestead, Pennsylvania, in 1912 by former player Cumberland Posey, the Homestead Grays would become one of baseball's greatest clubs and gate attractions, operating for th…
Baseball shoes worn by Pittsburgh Crawfords player Jimmie Crutchfield, 1940sView Full Item in National Museum of American History
Baltimore Elite Giants player reaching home plate and being greeted by teammates, 1940sMosley, John W.View Full Item in Temple University
Unidentified Baltimore Elite Giants player reaching home-plate and being greeted by teammates.
Autographed portrait of Hall-of-Famer James “Cool Papa” Bell, 1940sMosley, John W.View Full Item in Temple University
Signed image of Bell. Career: 1943-1950; Position: [of]; Teams: St. Louis Stars, Pittsburgh Crawfords, Detroit Wolves, Kansas City Monarchs, Chicago American Giants, Memphis Red Sox, Homestead Grays.
Kansas City Monarchs player Jackie Robinson, two years before he broke Major League Baseball’s color barrier, 1945View Full Item in New Georgia Encyclopedia (Project)
Photograph of baseball player Jackie Robinson in his Kansas City Monarchs uniform. He faces left and smiles. He wears a baseball glove on his left hand. Grandstands rise behind him. Robinson played sh…
Philadelphia Stars players Henry Miller, Harry “Suitcase” Simpson, and Oscar Charleston, circa 1947Mosley, John W.View Full Item in Temple University
Image of Henry Miller [left], Harry "Suitcase" Leon Simpson [center], and Oscar Charleston [right] of the Philadelphia Stars standing in the dugout.
Major League Baseball Hall-of-Famer Willie Mays in his Negro league Birmingham Black Barons uniform, circa 1948View Full Image in Memphis Public Library
Willie Mays, in the uniform of the Birmingham Black Barons.
New Orleans Creoles player Toni Stone, one of three women to play professionally in the Negro leagues, meeting boxer Joe Louis, circa 1949Minnesota Historical Society, Photo Lab, Louis, Joe, Stone, ToniView Full Item in Minnesota Historical Society
Souvenir baseball belonging to Homestead Grays player Walter “Buck” Leonard during winter play in Cuba, 1949View Full Item in National Museum of American History
Baseball awarded to Walter Fenner "Buck" Leonard (1907-1997), star first baseman of the Negro League's Homestead Grays, while playing winter baseball in Cuba in 1949. Currently not on view
Poster advertising game between Kansas City Monarchs and Memphis Red Sox, 1950sView Full Item in University of Missouri - Kansas City
Advertising poster for baseball game between the KC Monarchs and Memphis Red Sox in support of T-B and cancer research; $1.00 admission listed for game on Sunday, July 12; advertising twilight doubleh…
Oakland Oaks player Artie Wilson, the first African American on the team since Jimmy Claxton’s heritage was outed in 1916, 1950Oakland Oaks (Baseball team)View Full Item in Oakland Public Library, African American Museum and Library at Oakland
Oakland Oaks player Artie Wilson 
Memphis World article about the New York Giants’ manager banning Monte Irvin and Willie Mays from post-season tour with Jackie Robinson, 1951View Full Text in Rhodes College. Crossroads to Freedom
Leo Durocher has intensified his bitter feud a ad psychological warfare against Jackie Robinson by barring Monte Irvin and Willie Mays from participating in the Dodger, second, baseman's post world Se…
Forty-five-year-old pitcher Satchel Paige, who would later become the oldest player in Major League Baseball, signing a contract with St. Louis Browns owner Bill Veeck, 1951View Full Item in Missouri History Museum
Horizontal black and white photograph of Leroy Paige signing a contract with the Browns with Bill Veeck. They are sitting at a desk in an office.
Memphis World article about the Havana Sugar Kings baseball team encountering racism in the United States, 1954View Full Text in Rhodes College. Crossroads to Freedom
When the Havana Sugar Kings baseball team of the International league hit town for their Decoration day games, they ran smack into old man jimcrow. With a number of Cubans on the team ranging in color…
Memphis World article about a Georgia state bill that would prevent integrated sporting events, threatening Major League Baseball, 1955View Full Text in Rhodes College. Crossroads to Freedom
Possible return to "jim crow" baseball in Georgia Friday posed a serious spring training threat to major league ball clubs.
Memphis World article about Sol White, Negro leagues pioneer, upon his death, 1955View Full Text in Rhodes College. Crossroads to Freedom
Every once in a while the question comes up as to who was the first Negro to play in major league baseball. We think we can settle it one and for all. For the information, we are indebted to Sol White…
Jackie Robinson on field during a Negro league game the year of his retirement, 1956Mosley, John W.View Full Item in Temple University
Image of Robinson on field during a Negro league game. Career: 1945-56; Position: [ss]; Teams: Kansas City Monarchs ('45), Brooklyn Dodgers ('45-'56). Bats: Right; Throws: Right; Height: 5'11 1/2"; We…
Ernie Banks recalls his first Negro American League East-West All-Star Game, 1956View Full Text in Rhodes College. Crossroads to Freedom
I will never forget my first and only East and West Negro All Star Baseball Classic.
Memphis World article about boycotts after Texas Baseball League’s decision to comply with Louisiana law banning integrated baseball games, 1957View Full Text in Rhodes College. Crossroads to Freedom
The decision of the Texas Baseball League to abide by the Jim Crow Louisiana race law forbiding Negro players from performing with or against white players is causing severe repercussions at the turns…
Memphis World article about 53-year-old Satchel Paige’s upcoming game with the Havana Cuban Stars, Washington, D.C., 1959View Full Text in Rhodes College. Crossroads to Freedom
Washington baseball fans will enjoy one of the rare treats of baseall Thursday night, Aug. 20, when Leroy "Satchel" Paige makes an appearance at Griffith Stadium with the Havana Cuban Stars.
Pennsylvania state representative Hobson Reynolds, Eastern Colored League executive Ed Bolden, and unidentified man at Philadelphia Stars game, 1960Mosley, John W.View Full Item in Temple University
Image of Reynolds, Bolden, and an unidentified man on the field at a Philadelphia Stars game. Hobson Reynolds was a Pennsylvania State representative and leading undertaker in Philadelphia. Ed Bolden…
Memphis World article about the 60 African-American players in Major League Baseball, 1960View Full Text in Rhodes College. Crossroads to Freedom
From the former Brooklyn Dodgers' introduction in 1947 of Jackie Robinson as the first Negro in major league baseball the National and the American leagues have opened the 1960 seasons with an estimat…
Letter from retired player Jackie Robinson to Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy regarding civil rights, May 1961President (1953-1961 : Eisenhower). 1953-1961View Full Item in Dwight D. Eisenhower Library
Personal plea to President Eisenhower for a demonstration of his support for Black Americans.
Martin Luther King, Jr. greets San Francisco Giants and former Negro leagues player Willie Mays at the Stars for Freedom benefit concert, Santa Monica, California, 1963Adams, Harry, 1918-1988View Full Item in California State University, Northridge
A handshake between Dr. King and baseball legend Willie Mays. Councilman Gilbert Lindsay (third from left) and Mrs Ethel Bradley (first right) look on. Stars for Freedom benefit concert. The gala was…
St. Louis Cardinals player Lou Brock, Chicago Cubs and former Negro leagues player Ernie Banks, and members of the Chicago Urban League, 1965Bell, TedView Full Image in University of Illinois at Chicago
Banks in the Cubs uniform; Brock is in the Cardinals uniform. Memorandum from Idarae Jackson to Connie Seals, dated July 13, 1965, attached: "The attached photographs were unauthorized. They were a pr…
Oral history interview with former Negro leagues player James Greene, 1978Greene, James, 1912-, UnidentifiedView Full Item in Atlanta History Center
Oral history interview with James Greene interviewed by Unidentified. on 1978 October 25. African American baseball player who primarily played catcher, first base, and outfielder. Greene (known as Jo…
Baseball signed by Kansas City Monarchs player Buck O’NeilFranklinView Full Item in National Museum of American History
Baseball signed by Buck O'Neil (1911-2006). Born John Jordan O'Neil, Buck was a star first baseman and manager for the Negro American League's Kansas City Monarchs (1937-1955). He later served as a sc…
A program from “More Than Just Baseball,” a remembrance ceremony for the Memphis Negro Leagues, University of Memphis, 1994View Full Text in Memphis Public Library
A program from the remembrance ceremony, "More Than Just Baseball" of the Memphis Negro Leagues. The program occurred on September 23, 1994 at the University of Memphis.
Wheaties cereal box dedicated to the Negro National League’s 75th Commemorative Year, 1995View Full Item in Anacostia Community Museum
General Mills Wheaties cereal box dedicated to The Negro Leagues 75th Commemorative Year, 1995. Box is orange and highlights negro league players Josh Gibson, Leroy "Satchel" Paige and James "Cool Pap…
Maryland Lieutenant Governor Michael Steele at the Sam’s Club Negro League Hall of Fame Event, 2006StaffView Full Image in Maryland State Archives
Photograph of Lieutenant Governor Michael Steele at the Sam's Club Negro league hall of Fame Event on June 17, 2006.