Map showing the distribution of the enslaved population of the southern states, 1860View Full Image in Library of Congress Geography and Map Division Washington, D.C. 20540-4650 dcu
Washington Henry S. Graham 1861. Scale ca. 1:3,000,000. LC Civil War Maps (2nd ed.), 13.2 "Entered according to Act of Congress, A.D. 1861 by Henry S. Graham." "Sold for the benefit of the sick and wo…
Illustrations from Frank Leslie’s Illustrated Newspaper documenting the first fugitives granted protection as contraband at Fort Monroe, Virginia, May 1861Unidentified ArtistView Full Item in National Portrait Gallery
Soon after the first fugitive slaves were granted protection as "contraband of war" by General Benjamin F. Butler at Union-held Fort Monroe (Virginia) in May 1861, Frank Leslie’s Illustrated Newspaper…
Photograph of contrabands, or escaped formerly enslaved persons, with Union soldiers in front of Allen’s farm house at Siege of Yorktown, April-May1862Barnard & GibsonView Full Image in Lincoln Financial Foundation Collection, Allen County Public Library, Fort Wayne, Indiana
CDV, contrabands (three men and two women) and Union soldiers in front of Allen's farm house at Siege of Yorktown; No. 372 of Brady's Album Gallery series
Photograph of fugitive enslaved persons fording the Rappahannock River following Pope’s retreat, August 1862View Full Image in The Miriam and Ira D. Wallach Division of Art, Prints and Photographs: Photography Collection. The New York Public Library
7037 [notes in folder] L. C. Handy phot.
Illustration of “First and Last” dress review of the 1st Regiment South Carolinian Negro volunteers, Hilton Island, South Carolina, August 1862Crane, W. TView Full Item in University of South Carolina. South Caroliniana Library
Illus., 39 x 27 cm.
Illustration of a contraband camp on the banks of the Mississippi River, Fort Pickering, Memphis, Tennessee, November 1862View Full Image in American Antiquarian Society
Busy scene showing African American men seated or lying down in shadowed foreground, soldiers and tents in middle ground and a two-smokestack ship in background against the river on the horizon.
Engraving titled “Emancipation” by Thomas Nast, 1863Thomas NastView Full Item in Washington University, St. Louis
Illustration titled “The Effects of the Proclamation–freed Negroes coming into our lines at Newbern, North Carolina”View Full Image in Art and Picture Collection. The New York Public Library
Written on border: "Feb. 21, 1863" Printed on border: "See page 119.
Letter from Union soldier Johannes Lefevre describing the role that escaped enslaved persons played in the war, January 24, 1863Lefevre, Johannes, 1837-1864View Full Text in Historic Huguenot Street
Letter written from Johannes Lefevre to Sol. Dubois during the Civil War. Johannes wrote this letter while serving in the Union Army and camped outside of New Orleans. In the letter Johannes describes…
Photograph of Gordon, an enslaved man who escaped from a plantation in March 1863, gaining freedom when he reached a Union camp near Baton RougeMcPherson & OliverView Full Image in Lincoln Financial Foundation Collection, Allen County Public Library, Fort Wayne, Indiana
CDV, Gordon, seated, back bared showing scars. Written in pencil on reverse: 'Photographed back of a man who escaped to our lines after having been cruely whipped.
Thomas Nast engraving depicting the Battle of Island Mound, the first Civil War battle to include African-American troops, published March 14, 1863Thomas NastView Full Item in Kansas City Public Library
This is a print of a Thomas Nast wood engraving, originally published in Harpers Weekly on March 14, 1863. It depicts the Battle of Island Mound, the first Civil War battle to include African-American…
Photograph of Rebecca, Charley, and Rosa, enslaved children from New Orleans, 1863KimballView Full Item in Avery Research Center at the College of Charleston
Carte de visite photo depicting three fair skinned enslaved children from New Orleans.
Broadside of “A Song Dedicated to the Colored Volunteer”Craig, TomView Full Text in HathiTrust
Other publications of this song ascribe it to Tom Craig. Five stanzas, each with chorus; first line: Fremont, he boldly told us. Lyrics only. Wolf, E. Amer. song sheets digitized The online edition of…
Relics found at the U.S. Colored Troops camp near Johnsonville, TennesseeView Full Item in Tennessee State Library and Archives
Found in a trash pit at the camp site of the 12th and 13th Inf. Regts., USCT along the Nashville & Northwestern Railroad line, the relics include sardine cans, a drumstick holder, a bullet mold, a sid…
Illustration of the Confederate 1st Louisiana Native Guards disembarking at Fort Macomb, Louisiana, 1863View Full Image in Art and Picture Collection. The New York Public Library
Written on border: "Feb. 28, 1963" Printed on border: "Sketched by our special artist." "See page 143.
Portrait of an African American soldier in a Union uniformView Full Item in UC Berkeley, Bancroft Library
Half length portrait of a man seated with one arm resting on a table.
Studio portrait of Union soldier Richard Oliver, who enlisted in 1863 and died of malaria on his way home in 1865View Full Image in Historic Huguenot Street
Studio portrait of a Richard Oliver, Civil War soldier. He is wearing a northern Civil War uniform. Richard enlisted in the 20th USCI in Kingston on December 26, 1863. He died of malaria aboard the st…
Tintype photograph of Private Abraham F. Brown, a member of the 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry RegimentUnidentified creatorView Full Image in Massachusetts Historical Society
This tintype photograph depicts Private Abraham F. Brown, a member of Company E, part of the 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry Regiment, the first black regiment raised in the North during the Civ…
Broadside of the original version of the “John Brown Song,” 1863View Full Item in New York State Library
Full-page color Illustration on verso: Symbolic representation of the transition of African Americans from slavery into freedom and the recruitment of colored troops. Central figure is a uniformed sol…
Bill of sale for two enslaved persons, a man and a woman, from W. L. Adamson to Thomas Moore, November 1863Moore, ThomasView Full Item in Atlanta History Center
This collection consists of a bill of sale for two slaves, a man and a woman, from W. L. Adamson to Thomas Moore. The receipt gives a physical description of the two slaves, named Michael and Nann. Pr…
Propaganda portrait of Rebecca, an emancipated formerly enslaved woman from New Orleans, kneeling in prayer, 1863Kimball, M. H. (fl. 1863-1865)View Full Image in Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Photographs and Prints Division. The New York Public Library
Images of African Americans in the 19th Century
General Orders for the organization of African American troops in Indiana, December 3, 1863Noble, LazView Full Text in North Carolina Department of Natural and Cultural Resources
General Orders from the state of Indiana’s Adjutant General’s office to organize African American troops. James H. Harris was appointed as a recruiting officer and given authorization to recruit “colo…
Illustration of Mary S. Peake, an African American teacher who instructed freedmen at Fort Monroe, Hampton, VirginiaFrederick W. Halpin, 1805 - 1880View Full Item in National Portrait Gallery
Born Norfolk, Virginia Mary Peake exemplifies the achievements and limits that were placed on freed African Americans during the nineteenth century. The daughter of a free black woman and a prominent…
Enlistment papers for Jeremiah L. W. Bradley, 54th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment, December 1863View Full Text in Massachusetts National Guard Museum & Archives
The volunteer enlistment papers of Jeremiah L. W. Bradley. Jeremiah Bradley resided in South Adams. He enlisted in the 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry Regiment, the first official African Americ…
Photograph of Mary Allensworth Vaughn, wife of Peter Vaughn, 101st U.S. Colored Troops RegimentView Full Image in Tennessee State Library and Archives
Photograph of Mary Allensworth Vaughn, wife of Peter Vaughn. Peter Vaughn was in Co. I, 101st United States Colored Troops (USCT) Regiment.
Letter to Charles Wadsworth from Elihu Wadsworth, a member of the 16th Regiment, U. S. Colored Troops, February 1864View Full Text in Tennessee State Library and Archives
Elihu Wadsworth was a member of the Company B, 16th Regiment, U. S. Colored Troops.
Deed of manumission by John Jervis for William H. Little, May 4, 1864Jervis, JohnView Full Text in Howard County Historical Society
Deed of manumission dated May 4, 1864 by John Jervis of Howard County, Maryland for his Negro slave named William H. Little, also known as William H. Nelson. Witnessed by Geo. (George) Bond and Charle…
Bill of sale of an African American woman to Wallace Cumming, Georgia, July 1864View Full Item in Georgia Historical Society
This collection consists of two bills of sale for slaves, one woman and one man, sold by Charlton Way to Wallace Cumming. These sales occurred after the Emancipation Proclamation of 1863; Way sold the…
Medal of Honor awarded to Sergeant Major Christian Fleetwood, 4th U.S. Colored Troops, for heroism at ChaffinÛªs Farm on September 29, 1864View Full Item in National Museum of American History
Physical Description Brass-colored medal on ribbon. Specific History This Medal of Honor was awarded to Sergeant Major Christian Fleetwood, 4th U.S. Colored Troops, for heroism on the field of battle…
Muster roll for the 23rd Regiment U.S. Colored Troops, October 1864War Department. Provost Marshal General's Bureau. Disbursing Branch. 3/3/1863-8/28/1866View Full Item in National Archives at Boston
The muster roll for the 23rd Regiment, United States Colored Troops, provides the official register of officers and men who were accepted into service.
Excerpt of the Proceedings of the National Convention of Colored Men, 1864National Convention of Colored Men (1864 : Syracuse, N.Y.)View Full Text in Special Collections and University Archives, University of Massachusetts Amherst Libraries
Pages 33 to 62 of this Conference's proceedings, reprinting the resolutions passed and addresses given thereat.
Studio portrait of an unidentified African American woman, circa 1864Gullmann, CView Full Image in Historic Huguenot Street
Full length portrait of an unidentified African American woman. The woman is standing with one arm resting on a platform. She is wearing a dark dress with light polka dots. The skirt of the dress is f…
Photograph of Wilson, Charley, Rebecca, and Rosa, enslaved persons from New Orleans, 1864Paxson, Chas. (Charles), d. 1880View Full Image in Lincoln Financial Foundation Collection, Allen County Public Library, Fort Wayne, Indiana
CDV, Wilson Chinn seated in chair holding book with Charles Taylor standing to his right and Rebecca Huger and Rosa Downs, seated, reading books; additional title beneath photograph: "Learning Is Weal…
Harper’s Weekly illustration of U.S. Colored Troops, under General Wild, liberating slaves in North Carolina, 1864View Full Image in Art and Picture Collection. The New York Public Library
Bill of sale for a woman named Lucy who was sold to John Wilkes, November 1864View Full Text in University of North Carolina at Charlotte
"Charlotte, North Carolina, Nov. 24, 1864. Received from John Wilkes six thousand dollars, for the purchase of a negro woman named Lucy, aged 20 years. The title of said woman we warrant and defend ag…
Studio portrait of an African American mother and child, 1865View Full Image in Pink Palace Family of Museums
This formal studio portrait depicts a well-dressed young African American woman seated in a carved wood gothic chair with a boy about 8-10 years old standing to her left and resting his right arm on h…
U.S. Colored Troops muster roll for Mississippi soldiers, February 1865View Full Text in Tennessee State Library and Archives
Muster roll for Capt. Zina B. Chatfield's Co. F, 58th Inf. Regt., United States Colored Troops. These troops were recruited in the vicinity of Natchez and Vicksburg, Miss. Chatfield enlisted in Co. A…
Letter from Peter R. Laws detailing the Massachusetts Colored Infantry troops taking part in the Union occupation of South Carolina, April 1, 1865Laws, Peter RView Full Text in Boston Public Library
Peter Laws writes Francis Jackson Garrison relaying the tale of his journey by sea to South Carolina, and the commencement of his duties in his regiment as part of the Massachusetts Colored Infantry t…
Harper’s Weekly illustration of the 55th Massachusetts Colored Regiment singing John Brown’s March in the streets of Charleston, February 21, 1865View Full Item in The Charleston Museum Archives
Caption: ' "Marching on!"--the Fifty-Fifth Massachusetts Colored Regiment singing John Brown's March in the streets of Charleston, February 21, 1865.--[see page 172.]' [full date March 18, 1865.]
Illustrated discharge document for U.S. soldier George Washington, private in the 55th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, September 23, 1865View Full Text in Private Collection
Illustrated document containing the discharge records of U.S. Army soldier George Washington. The document indicates that Washington served as a private in the 55th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, C…
Photograph of the 107th U.S. Colored Troops at Fort Woodbury, Virginia, November 1, 1865United States Sanitary Commission, Gardner, Alexander (1821-1882)View Full Image in Manuscripts and Archives Division. The New York Public Library
Alternate title appears in reverse image on the photographic print.
Portrait of activist Martin Robinson Delany, the first African American major to receive a field command, 104th Regiment, U.S. Colored Troops, 1865Unidentified ArtistView Full Item in National Portrait Gallery
When the Emancipation Proclamation formally opened the door to African American service in the Union army, Martin R. Delany—a longtime activist in the struggle for black equality—worked energetically…
Certification of free status of James John Henry, 4th Regiment, U.S. Colored Troops, August 28, 1865View Full Image in Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division. The New York Public Library
Lest We Forget #218,219
Letter from C. Ann Butler to her husand found next to his body, 1865Butler, C. AnnView Full Item in Georgia Historical Society
This collection consists of a four page letter, written January 30, 1865, by C. Ann Butler and sent to her husband, William Butler. In the letter she discussed her concerns over not hearing from him s…
Central portion of a triptych painting showing an African American soldier in the Union ArmyView Full Image in The Metropolitan Museum of Art
This is the central portion of a triptych showing an African American man in the same location at three stages of his military career. Here, dressed in full federal uniform, he shoulders a rifle and m…
Portrait of Susie King Taylor from her book Reminiscences of My Life in Camp with the 33d United States Colored TroopsView Full Image in East Carolina University
Portrait of Susie King Taylor from the book "Reminiscences of my Life in Camp with the 33d United States colored troops : late 1st S.C. volunteers" by Susie King Taylor. Published in Boston, 1902.
Senate report including evidence collected by the Committee on Pensions regarding the Civil War service of Harriet Tubman Davis as a nurse, cook, and spyU.S. House of Representatives. 3/4/1789-View Full Item in Center for Legislative Archives
This Senate report includes evidence collected by the Committee on Pensions regarding the Civil War service of Harriet Tubman Davis as a nurse, cook, and spy. It also includes information on the widow…
Affidavit from Lewis Douglas recommending William H. Carney of the 54th Regiment of Massachusetts InfantryWar Department. Record and Pension Office. 1892-5/11/1904View Full Item in National Archives at Washington, DC - Textual Reference
This handwritten affidavit from Lewis Douglas concerns William H. Carney of the 54th Regiment of Massachusetts Infantry.